United Nations: Arguing for urgent reform of
the UN Security Council to reflect "contemporary realities",
India has said a common refrain among countries is that the
world can no longer be subjected to the mercies of a "woefully
inadequate system" that was established more than half a
India`s Ambassador to the UN Hardeep Singh Puri told the
15-member UN body that its expansion and reform is "essential"
and must be pursued with "renewed vigour and urgently enacted"
as such a move will enhance the Council`s credibility and
effectiveness in dealing with global issues.
Puri said, reflecting on the "big picture," the Indian
delegation sees a "mosaic that is neither appealing nor
"The moot questions that are being asked the world over
are: What is the alternative to the current Security Council?;
How long should the world be subject to the mercies of a
woefully inadequate system erected in 1945?; What prevents the
international community from replacing an outdated governing
architecture based on a selective interpretation of the dictum
`to the victor belong the spoils`?"
Amid the lack of progress on the UNSC reforms, there is
growing recognition of the fact that the widespread feeling of
marginalization among the un-represented and under-represented
is leading to a sharp sense of frustration, which has the
potential to unravel the existing system.
A large number of UN member states feel the size of the
Council should be expanded from the current 15 to around
The established order should hasten to acknowledge the
frustration and act credibly on it, Puri said, adding that
"those who swear by the status quo and therefore latch on to
their national positions risk contributing to a process that
could endanger the entire edifice of international relations
as it is presently structured.
"Change should usher in a new order. The new order has to
assume responsibility. Once such responsibility is effectively
discharged the Security Council will be taken seriously on all
issues, and not merely on those in which by a conspiracy of
factors unrelated to the maintenance of international peace
and security some of the powerful are able to agree."
Puri said there is wide support for a short resolution
that calls for reform including expansion of the Council in
both the permanent and non-permanent categories and
improvement in its working methods.
So far, an overwhelming majority of delegations have
signalled their support for this proposition, including 80 or
more that have done so in writing.
"We could even adopt this as a General Assembly
resolution. It does not necessitate any Charter amendment and
it does not exclude any other model. In fact, its adoption
will articulate the general membership?s resolve to engage in
good faith negotiations," Puri said.
Apart from support for the `veto restraint agreement,`
some member states are in favour of "equitable geographical
distribution" as selection criteria for new members.
India is a member of two groupings devoted to early
reform of the Security Council, namely the G4 and the L69.
Puri said India is keen to enhance its convergences with
other like-minded groups during the current General Assembly
session, particularly with the African Group whose aspirations
Puri said the Council will function more effectively and
efficiently if it is able to utilize the energies and
resources of its most willing and capable member-states on a
"Along with membership will have to come responsibility,
along with responsibility will come the willingness of burden
sharing including where the costs are beginning to pinch and
hurt the permanent members."