Kolkata: Exodus of people from northeast is
at its peak and in the next five years, around 50 lakh people
from the region are likely to migrate to other parts of the
country for education and jobs, a study said.
Attributing poor infrastructure for higher education in
the region as the main reason for the exodus, the study
conducted by New Delhi-based think tank `North East Support
Centre & Helpline` said, "Migration (from northeast) is at its
peak now...50 lakh people are expected to migrate in the next
According to the research findings, exodus from the
region has increased 12 times in the last five years with
414,850 people migrating in 2010.
"Lack of employment opportunities, economic backwardness
and socio-political unrest are other reasons for the exodus,"
the report said.
Around 66 per cent of the people migrate for higher
studies, while the remaining 35 per cent do so for employment
opportunities, it said.
According to estimates, currently over 2,75,000 students
from the Northeast have migrated to other cities of the
country, particularly Delhi and the NCR region.
Only five per cent of the migrants return to their native
state on completion of their studies, while those who work in
government jobs and private sector stay there until they
retire, the study said.
The study warns that with the increase in migration,
cases of racial discrimination and sexual violence against
those from the region are going to increase.
"The challenges of racial discrimination and sexual
violence faced by Northeast communities in mega cities will
also increase," the study said, adding that there has been a
paradigm shift from racial discrimination to sexual violence
and from sexual violence to human trafficking.