Gangtok: The Himalayan state of Sikkim
has made excellent progress in providing electricity and
drinking water to citizens, according to the latest National
Family Health Survey for Sikkim.
A total of 92 percent of the 1,11,830 households in
the state have electricity and 78 percent drinking water.
The 92 percent households having electricity, include
90 percent in rural areas and 100 percent in urban areas.
During the last survey, electrification stood at 82 percent.
Though 78 percent of households had drinking water,
only a little over one third had piped water.
In rural households only 20 percent had piped
drinking water, while in urban areas it was 90 percent,
according to the 2005-06 survey, the third and latest in the
Himalayan state released last year.
Eighty-eight per cent of households treated water to
make it potable with 86 percent boiling it and 10 percent
using ceramic, sand, or other water filters.
Toilet facilities in households had also improved.
There were only 11 percent households without toilets, which
was an improvement from the last survey when it was 27 percent.
More than half of the families in the state used solid
fuel for cooking, with wood being the most commonly used.
The statistics also revealed that of the total
households, just over half of them, that is 51%, lived in
pucca houses, most of them in urban areas.
Sikkim is primarily rural with only 20 percent of the
households located in urban areas.
On an average, households comprised 4-5 members.
One-seventh (14%) of households were headed by women.
Nearly three-fifths of households in Sikkim had
household heads who are Hindu (58%), followed by
Buddhists/Neo-Buddhist (30%) and Muslims (2%).
Nine per cent of household heads belonged to Scheduled
Castes, 36 per cent to Scheduled Tribes, and 41 per cent to
Other Backward Classes (OBC).
In Sikkim, 31 percent of the population was under the
age of 15 and only 5 percent was aged 65 and above.
In all, 75 percent were below 18 years and lived with
both parents, 12 percent with one parent, and 14 percent
with neither parent.