Bhubaneswar: The Odisha government has
prepared a Rs 662 crore plan to bring 13 primitive tribal
groups (PTGs) on the verge of extinction in 12 districts in
the state to the mainstream.
The five main components of the plan include
beneficiary capacity building and empowerment, livelihood
enhancement, community infrastructure, strengthening pristine
culture and tradition, official sources said today.
Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik has cleared the proposal
mooted by the ST and SC Development department, the sources
"The members of PTGs immediately require raise in
family income through improved productivity of land, income
generating activities, wage earning, food and nutrition
security," Program Director, Odisha Tribal Empowerment and
Livelihood Programme Susanta Nanda, said.
The plan would be implemented over eight years with
the initial phase to take over three years which could be
extended by another five years, the sources said.
The primitive tribal groups living in the state were
Birhor, Bando Paraja, Didayi, Dongaria Kandh, Juang, Kharia,
Kutia Khandh, Lanjia Soura, Lodha, Mankidia, Paudi Bhuyan,
Soura and Chuktia Bhunjia.
The primitive tribal groups comprised only 82,417
heads in 19373 households, spread over 20 blocks in 12
districts, according to the 2001 census.
The plan also included connectivity, supply of
drinking water, health and sanitation, better housing
facilities and raising the level of literacy, the sources