# Fundamental laws of science questionable: Indian researcher

A Shimla-based researcher, who picked holes in Isaac Newton's laws of motion, Albert Einstein's mass energy equation and Archimedes' principle, Saturday sought debate on his work on fundamental laws of science.

Shimla: A Shimla-based researcher, who picked holes in Isaac Newton's laws of motion, Albert Einstein's mass energy equation and Archimedes' principle, Saturday sought debate on his work on fundamental laws of science.

"The Ministry of Science and Technology should initiate debate as this work will make India superpower in fundamental laws of science," Ajay Sharma, assistant director for education with the state government, told IANS.

On National Science Day, the 52-year-old was honoured by the state government here for his work on generalising the fundamental laws of physics.

Sharma's second book, 'Beyond Einstein and Emc2 (mass energy inter-conversion equation)', was published by the Cambridge International Science Publishers.

Earlier, his book "Beyond Newton and Archimedes" was published by the Cambridge.

Sharma said Einstein was not the original propounder of the theory of relativity -- rather he took work from existing literature and published it in 1905 in German journal 'Annalen de Physik'.

"Many people will be surprised that Einstein's work was not peer reviewed before publication. The first postulate of relativity was given by Galileo in 1632 in his book 'Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems'," Sharma said.

According to him, Einstein took this opportunity to publish the work of Galileo (1632, principle of relativity), Poincare (1898, constancy of velocity of light), Lorentz (1892, variation of mass etc), Larmer (1897, time dilation) and Fitzegerald (1889, length contraction) in his own name.

Sharma pointed out significant limitations of Einstein's Emc2 formula derived in 1905.

"The atom bomb is based on it. The mathematical derivation of this equation also predicts that when a candle burns then its mass must also increase in some cases. It's not correct. Thus equation is derived in other way de=Ac2dm, the new equation is generalised mass energy equation and Einstein's equation is its special case," he explained.

Einstein obtained the equation for 'rest mass energy' under the condition when the first equation is zero -- thus the rest of the equation is non-existent.

"It is never justified that first equation is zero and final equation is non-zero (rest mass energy). Such limitations are pointed out for the first time," the researcher said.

The paper "Isaac Newton, Leonhard Euler and Fma", written by Sharma, stressed that 'Newton's second law of Motion (Fma) was never given by him.

"Newton gave a velocity dependent force and Euler an acceleration dependent force. If the magnitudes of equations of force Fma and F2ma are equal, then it implies 12, which is not true," said the paper published last year in international journal "Physics Essays".

Further studying elastic collisions of bodies, Sharma said mathematically and conceptually in the third law of motion, action and reaction are not always equal. Thus accordingly, the third law of motion is generalised as 'to every action there is opposite reaction but may not be always equal'.

"This ('Beyond Newton and Archimedes') is the first book which generalises the 2,265-year-old Archimedes' principle and 330-year-old Newton's laws," he added.