Washington: A new research has revealed that most of the electrolytes that are superhalogens in lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries contain toxic halogens, which on being replaced with halogen-free electrolytes can make the batteries both nontoxic and environmentally friendly.
Lead author Puru Jena of the study from Virginia Commonwealth University said that the significance of their findings is that one can have a safer battery without compromising its performance and the implication of the research is that similar strategies can also be used to design cathode materials in Li-ion batteries.
Jena added that they hope that their theoretical prediction will stimulate experimentalists to synthesize halogen-free salts which will then lead manufacturers to use such salts in commercial applications.
The researchers also found that the procedure outlined for Li-ion batteries is equally valid for other metal-ion batteries, such as sodium-ion or magnesium-ion batteries.
The study is published in the chemistry journal Angewandte Chemie International Edition.