Archaeologists discover earlier stone age artifacts in South Africa
Zee Media Bureau
Johannesburg: Tens of thousands of Earlier Stone Age artifacts, including hand axes and others have been discovered by archaeologist in the Northern Cape province of South Africa.
Archaeologists from the University of Cape Town (UCT), South Africa and the University of Toronto (U of T), in collaboration with the McGregor Museum in Kimberley, South Africa made the discoveries.
The archaeologist research on the Kathu Townlands site is one of the richest early prehistoric archaeological sites in South Africa. And it is estimated that the site is between 700,000 and one million years old.
Steven James Walker from the Department of Archaeology at University of Cape Town (UCT), lead author of the paper says,``The site is amazing but it is threatened. We`ve been working well with developers as well as the South African Heritage Resources Agency to preserve it, but the town of Kathu is rapidly expanding around the site. It might get cut off on all sides by development and this would be regrettable.``
Today, Kathu is a major iron mining centre. Walker added the fact that such an extensive prehistoric site is located in the middle of a zone of intensive development poses a unique challenge for archaeologists and developers to find strategies to work cooperatively.
Director of the Archaeology Centre at University of Toronto, Michael Chazan, emphasised the scientific challenge posed by the density of the traces of early human activity in this area.
"We need to imagine a landscape around Kathu that supported large populations of human ancestors, as well as large animals like hippos. All indications suggest that Kathu was much wetter, maybe more like the Okavango than the Kalahari," said Chazan.
The Kathu Townlands site known as the Kathu complex is one component of a grouping of prehistoric sites. Other sites in the complex Kathu Pan 1 which has produced fossils of animals such as elephants and hippos, as well as the earliest known evidence of tools used as spears from a level dated to half a million years ago.
The study was published in the journal PLOS ONE.
More from India
More from World
More from Sports
More from Entertaiment
- WATCH: MS Dhoni asks Jasprit Bumrah to go easy after he hurriedly ran out England skipper Eoin Morgan
- IND vs ENG, 2nd ODI: Yuvraj Singh silences critics with 14th ODI hundred, fourth against England — WATCH
- WATCH: How MS Dhoni saved Yuvraj Singh's wicket with another successful DRS review
- India vs England: After Virender Sehwag, Sachin Tendulkar gives Piers Morgan cricketing gyan
- Jallikattu protests continue in Tamil Nadu, sea of protesters camp on Marina beach