Tallinn: NATO`s top official said on Friday the 28-nation alliance is on track with its new strategy for winding down the war in Afghanistan next year, despite security setbacks and a continuing shortage of foreign trainers for the fledgling Afghan police and Army.
NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen offered a mostly upbeat assessment to a gathering of allied foreign ministers, including US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, who are assessing what will be required to meet the goal — first laid out by President Barack Obama last December — of transitioning to Afghan control next summer.
"Increasingly this year the momentum will be ours," he said.
Fogh Rasmussen asserted that the Afghan government, which has been hampered by a Taliban insurgency, political corruption, a dysfunctional economy and a dependence on foreign assistance, is starting to take more responsibility for running the country`s affairs.
"We are preparing to begin the process of handing over leadership, where conditions allow, back to the Afghan people," he said. "The future of this mission is clear and visible: more Afghan capability and more Afghan leadership."
During Friday`s meeting, which was closed to the press after Fogh Rasmussen made brief introductory remarks, Hillary was expected to press other NATO nations to provide more trainers for Afghanistan`s police and military forces as part of preparations to withdraw Western troops from there by summer 2011.
Fogh Rasmussen said on Thursday that an additional 450 trainers are needed for Afghanistan`s security forces. Insufficient numbers of foreign trainers has plagued the US-led war effort for years, although the shortfall has narrowed in recent months.
NATO`s assessment of its exit strategy comes just five months after Obama sharply escalated troop strength in the rugged mountain nation to challenge a resurgent Taliban movement.
NATO has struggled, in some cases, to coordinate military operations with Afghan civilian authorities and agencies.
In a speech on Thursday before the two-day NATO meeting began, Fogh Rasmussen called Afghanistan the most challenging military operation undertaken by NATO in its history.
NATO was founded 61 years ago this month with the signing of a treaty of collective defence against a feared land invasion by the Soviet Union.
Today, Fogh Rasmussen said, instability in places far from Europe can threaten NATO member states.
"We all want to see a stable and secure Afghanistan — an Afghanistan that is no longer a threat to its region and to the rest of the world," he said in his speech on Thursday. "We will stay in Afghanistan as long as it takes to achieve that goal. We want to continue to empower the Afghans. And gradually hand over to them greater responsibility for the security of their own country when conditions permit."
During Thursday`s talks, Hillary ruled out an early withdrawal of about 200 short-range US nuclear weapons from bases in five European countries.
She said any reductions should be tied to a negotiated nuclear pullback by Russia, which has far more of the weapons in range of European targets.