G-4`s UNSC expansion proposal `zero-sum`: Pak

Pakistan has opposed a key proposal by India, Japan, Germany and Brazil to expand the powerful UNSC.

New York: Pakistan has opposed a key
proposal by India, Japan, Germany and Brazil to expand the
powerful UNSC, describing it as "zero-sum" that is likely to
benefit only the G-4 nations.

The G4`s draft resolution was the focus of the first
day of the eighth round of inter-governmental negotiations on
UNSC reforms that began here yesterday.

The four nations had issued a joint statement that said
their proposal focuses on two aspects of Security Council
reform, which is expansion in membership in both categories,
permanent and non-permanent, and that the working methods of
the 15-member Council should be improved.

Abdullah Hussain Haroon, the Pakistani Ambassador to the
UN, said the G-4`s "short resolution," "is nothing but a short
cut whose fate too is obvious."

Pakistan, which has joined the UNSC as a non-permanent
member for a two year term beginning this year, said the
"short resolution" has neither garnered meaningful support nor
allowed progress in the reform process.

"Lacking space for compromise, the G-4 proposal is
zero-sum in nature, with 4 winners and 184 losers. Therefore,
it has neither garnered meaningful support nor allowed
progress in the reform process. These important issues cannot
be side-stepped," the top Pakistani envoy said.

The UN has 193 members but excluding the five veto-
holding permanent members, the tally comes to 188.

Haroon said despite nearly a year-long intense campaign,
the G-4 has not been able to muster significant support for
its draft resolution.

"The Security Council is too important an institution
to be subjected to such misadventures and experimentation," he

The Pakistani envoy underlined that the negotiation
processes must be characterized by the spirit of flexibility
and the political will to compromise.

Haroon sought to underplay the support for the G-4`s
proposal. The Pakistani envoy said the group claims that it
has the support of 80 member states, but "the same number
keeps being repeated ever since. This is not even a simple

"This amounts to categorical rejection of the draft
resolution. It is, therefore, time to move on. The process
cannot remain hostage to individual desires and aspirations,"
he said.

He said the group`s draft resolution of 2005 did not
succeed for it was "divisive and inflexible". "Simple
narration of known positions without flexibility, as done
today by the G-4, flies in the face of objectivity and
stultifies negotiations."

The envoy underlined that the principle of comprehensive
reform of the Security Council must remain sacrosanct for the

"It is clear that by adopting a piecemeal approach,
question of the `Veto` and the `Size` are being avoided."
He said proposals like surrendering the veto right and
idea of permanent members without veto adds a third category
of membership that contradicts the claim of balancing the P-5
in the powerful Council.
Similarly, given the idea of limited expansion, adding
four to six new permanent members will create imbalance
between the elected and non-elected members, thereby impacting
working methods and relationship of the Security Council, he
He said such proposals will only help enlarge the "club
of the privileged" who will have a vested interest in
addressing most issues in the Council, "further draining the
oxygen out of the Assembly, and enhancing the domination of
the Security Council."
"It will increase divisions and tensions, not only within
the United Nations, but within various regions, contradicting
the objective of promoting peace and security," Haroon
He said on the issue of Council reform, Africa united the
entire membership, while the G-4 is seen to divide it.
It is evident from the ongoing negotiations that a number of
member states favour a "compromise solution".
Pakistan, along with its partners in the Uniting for
Consensus Group (UfC), has always emphasized the value of a
fair compromise, the envoy said.
The UfC paper is unlike the G-4?s "take-it-or-leave-it"
offer but provides workable basis for compromise.
"The time for rigid positions and piecemeal initiatives,
like the G-4 draft is over. After three years of
intergovernmental negotiations, it is time to move beyond
illusions and dreams," the envoy underlined.