India wants Sino-Pak N-deal to meet international safeguards

Notwithstanding the diplomatic reservations expressed by it, India appears reconciled to the fact that Pakistan will ultimately get two additional nuclear reactors from China for its Chashma facility.

Toronto: Notwithstanding the diplomatic
reservations expressed by it, India appears reconciled to the
fact that Pakistan will ultimately get two additional nuclear
reactors from China for its Chashma facility but it only wants
the agreement to be transparent and under international

New Delhi has conveyed to the Nuclear Suppliers Group
(NSG) its concerns that there should be no dilution of the
conditions India was subjected to when the NSG gave its
exemption when the Indo-US civil nuclear deal went through.
Official sources said the NSG meeting in New Zealand
yesterday does not not appear so far to have cleared the
Sino-Pak nuclear deal.

"They have not taken any decision. It is still under
consideration and discussion," the sources said referring to
reports about the Chinese plans to set up two additional
reactors in Chashma atomic project in Pakistan.

They welcomed the NSG`s Christchurch statement that
the Group took note of the briefings on developments
concerning non-NSG states and that it agreed on the value of
ongoing "consultation and transparency".

India feels that the Chinese may have "obviously
presented" their case to the NSG on its proposal for Pakistan.

The Chinese maintain that the two additional reactors
are also covered the earlier agreement "grandfathered" by them
a few years ago.

India, which is not not a member of the NSG has made
contacts with the group to express its concerns.

Foreign Secretary Nirupama Rao had met the Ambassadors
of the NSG troika in Delhi and the Indian Ambassador to the
Conference on Disarmament in Vienna had also representatives
of NSG countries there in this regard.
India`s position is it is not not opposed to Pakistan`s
legitimate clamour for energy but it only wants the deal to be

"We have told the NSG members that there be no no
dilution of conditions that India was subjected to (at time of
2008 exemption in NSG)," the sources said.

They said this was particularly so against the backdrop
of reports in the of L`Quila declaration of G-8 countries
enrichment technology transfer.

On the NSG statement that participating governments in
the Christchurch meeting agreed to consider ways of
strengthening guidelines dealing with the transfer of
enrichment and reprocessing technologies, the sources said
India cannot have any quarrel with that statement.

"It is a good statement," they said.

On the current round of Indo-Pak dialogue, India feels
Pakistan seemed to be taking an approach different from what
it was doing in February when its Foreign Secretary Salman
Bashir was in India or in September when the Foreign Ministers
met in New York after the Sharam-el-Sheikh declaration.

After Rao`s discussions with Bashir, the Indian
establishment is of the view that Pakistan was very keen on
engaging with India and wants relations to progress.

"They are picking up our phraseology. We want to see
how the process develops. The relationship was struggling to
survive. For the first time we have got their attention. They
are receptive to the ideas given to them," the sources said.

During the dialogue, Pakistan did raise the Kashmir
issue but the Indian side reiterated its national position.

Pakistan did seem to understand the gravity of the
Mumbai terror attack issue and promised that they were on with
getting punishment for the accused in their courts.

The sources said India did not ask for handing over of
the 20 terror elements living in Pakistan. It is not a
simplistic issue but nuanced and complex issue that has no no
black and white answers, the sources said.

The whole attempt, they said, was to bridge the trust
deficit and this exercise was about building the right
atmosphere in problems are sought to be solved in a
transparent manner, they said.


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