Kathmandu: Nepal's ruling parties today reached an agreement on major contentious issues of the new constitution that will be promulgated by January next year.
Nepali Congress (NC), CPN-UML, Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP) and CPN-ML agreed on the deal on matters relating to restructuring of state, forms of governance, judicial system and electoral system.
A meeting of the ruling parties held at the prime minister's residence here also decided to draw a draft of the agreement on the four key issues and begin discussion with opposition parties including UCPN (Maoist) and Madhesh-based parties, according to Nepali Congress sources.
After the top leaders of the four ruling parties sign the deal it will be handed over to the chairman of the Constituent Assembly's constitutional-political dialogue committee Baburam Bhattarai, for promulgation of the Constitution by January 22, 2015 as per the agreed calendar.
The four parties are said to have agreed to a six-province model for state restructuring, including four in the hills and two in the southern plains.
The naming and demarcation of the provinces will be done on the basis of identity and viability, according to sources.
As regards the forms of governance, the ruling alliance have agreed for a reformed parliamentary system including for the president and prime minister to be elected by parliament.
As per the deal, there shall be a bicameral legislature in the centre with 75 members in the upper house and 175 in the lower house.
The upper house will be elected through proportional representation voting system and the lower house through direct election or first-past-the-post system.
The parties have agreed to continue with the existing judicial system with the Supreme Court as the highest judicial body.
The meeting was attended by Prime Minister Sushil Koirala, who is also Nepali Congress president, and NC leaders Ram Chandra Poudel and Sher Bahadur Deuba.
Likewise, the CPN-UML, was represented by party chairman K P Sharma, Bhim Rawal and Madhav Kumar Nepal, while Surya Bahadur Thapa and parliamentary party leader Deepak Bohara represented RPP in the meeting.
However, the two major ruling parties, Nepali Congress and CPN-UML are holding consultation with the top leaders of the UCPN-Maoist tomorrow to strike a deal so that the new Constitution could be promulgated through forging consensus among all the political parties.