Terror suspects held for weeks in secret in Afghanistan: Report
Kabul: "Black sites”, the secret network of jails that grew up after the September 11 attacks, are gone. But suspected terrorists are still being held under hazy circumstances with uncertain rights in secret, military-run jails across Afghanistan, where they can be interrogated for weeks without charge, according to US officials who revealed details of the top-secret network to a news agency.
The Pentagon has previously denied operating secret jails in Afghanistan, although human rights groups and former detainees have described the facilities. US military and other government officials confirmed that the detention centres exist but described them as temporary holding pens whose primary purpose is to gather intelligence.
The Pentagon also has said that detainees only stay in temporary detention sites for 14 days, unless they are extended under extraordinary circumstances. But US officials said that detainees can be held at the temporary jails for up to nine weeks, depending on the value of information they produce. The officials spoke on condition of anonymity because the program is classified.
The most secretive of roughly 20 temporary sites is run by the military`s elite counterterrorism unit, the Joint Special Operations Command, at Bagram Air Base. It`s responsible for questioning high-value targets, the detainees suspected of top roles in the Taliban, al Qaeda or other militant groups.
The site`s location, a short drive from a well-known public detention centre, has been alleged for more than a year.
The secrecy under which the US runs that jail and about 20 others is noteworthy because of President Barack Obama`s criticism of the old network of secret CIA prisons where interrogators sometimes used the harshest available methods, including the simulated drowning known as waterboarding.
Human rights advocates say the severest of the Bush-era interrogation methods are gone, but the conditions at the new interrogation sites still raise questions. Obama pledged when he took office that the United States would not torture anyone, but former detainees describe harsh treatment that some human rights groups claim borders on inhumane.
More than a dozen former detainees claimed they were menaced and held for weeks at the Joint Special Operations Command site last year, forced to strip naked, then kept in solitary confinement in windowless, often cold cells with lights on 24 hours a day, according to Daphne Eviatar of the group Human Rights First, which interviewed them in Afghanistan.
Eviatar said her monitoring group does not believe the JSOC facility is using the full range of Bush-era interrogation techniques, but she said there`s a disturbing pattern of using fear and humiliation to soften up the suspects before interrogation.
Many of those interviewed said "they were forced to strip naked in front of other detainees, which is very humiliating for them," Eviatar said. "The forced nudity seems to be part of a pattern to make detainees feel disempowered."
The detainees also reported that their interrogators told them they could be held indefinitely, the group said.
Special Operations Command spokesman Colonel Tim Nye denies the allegations, insisting the detainees are treated in accordance with US detention laws, rewritten since the Bush era to prohibit the harshest interrogation techniques. "All detainees are treated humanely in compliance with all US and international laws, including Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions," Nye wrote in an e-mail.
US officials in Afghanistan add that the top commander there, General David Petraeus, insisted on opening the Joint Special Operations Command site to inspection by Afghan officials and the International Red Cross last summer. The International Red Cross has not responded to an inquiry about whether it had been allowed to visit the site.
Petraeus wanted to force more openness on the JSOC, a secretive organisation that runs special missions units within the military to perform highly classified activities, according to a senior official briefed on the program, who spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss classified matters.
The official said part of Petraeus` logic was to ensure transparency to international monitoring bodies so the interrogations could continue because they are yielding intelligence that has helped quadruple special operations missions against militant targets.
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