Kathmandu: The UN has alerted Nepal
government about possible outbreak of diarrhoea and other
waterborne diseases in western districts of the country owing
to rising temperature in the summer.
Following last year`s outbreak that claimed 369 lives in
western Nepal the human rights body and its partners are
watching the situation carefully, said a press release issued
by the UN Office in Nepal.
The humanitarian community in Nepal has asked the
government to pay greater attention to the causes of diarrhoea
as the temperature rises and water sources dry up.
Reports of waterborne illnesses and even deaths are again on
the rise in the western regions of the country, the statement
issued by the UN pointed out.
Most infections causing diarrhoea are transmitted through
contaminated water or lack of adequate hygiene practices.
Infection can spread through drinking contaminated water
or handling food with contaminated hands and water rather than
consuming cooked food, it said.
As diarrhoea, can be treated through a combination of
antibiotics, oral rehydration solution, a nutritious diet and
drinking plenty of treated water, it is critical that trained
staff and medical supplies are available to treat cases
immediately, says the UN.
Lavatories coverage in most-affected districts in the
western regions is 18-25 per cent as compared to a national
average of 46 per cent, according to a report.
The UNICEF and humanitarian partners have pre-positioned
emergency water, sanitation and hygiene supplies to serve up
to 100,000 people, the statement said.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has
funded drinking water and sanitation activities in 38 Village
District Councils of Jajarkot, Achham and Dailekh districts
benefiting 6,640 households.