US military `hacked the enemy` in Afghanistan

Marine Lt Gen Richard P Mills explained how US commanders considered cyberweapons an important part of their arsenal.

Washington: The US military has been launching cyberattacks against its opponents in Afghanistan, a senior officer said last week, making an unusually explicit acknowledgement of the oft-hidden world of electronic warfare.

Marine Lt Gen Richard P Mills` comments came at a conference in Baltimore during which he explained how US commanders considered cyberweapons an important part of their arsenal.

"I can tell you that as a commander in Afghanistan in the year 2010, I was able to use my cyber operations against my adversary with great impact," Mills said. "I was able to get inside his nets, infect his command-and-control, and in fact defend myself against his almost constant incursions to get inside my wire, to affect my operations."

Mills, now a deputy commandant with the Marine Corps, was in charge of international forces in southwestern Afghanistan between 2010 and 2011, according to his official biography. He didn`t go into any further detail as to the nature or scope of his forces` attacks, but experts said that such a public admission that they were being carried out was itself striking.

"This is news," said James Lewis, a cybersecurity analyst with the Washington-based Centre for Strategic and International Studies. He said that while it was generally known in defence circles that cyberattacks had been carried out by US forces in Afghanistan, he had never seen a senior officer take credit for them in such a way.

"It`s not secret," Lewis said in a telephone interview, but he added: "I haven`t seen as explicit a statement on this as the one" Mills made.

The Pentagon did not immediately respond to an email seeking comment on Mills` speech.

US defence planners have spent the past few years wondering aloud about how and under what circumstances the Pentagon would launch a cyberattack against its enemies, but it`s only recently become apparent that a sophisticated program of US-backed cyberattacks is already under way.

A book by The New York Times reporter David Sanger recently recounted how President Barack Obama ordered a wave of electronic incursions aimed at physically sabotaging Iran`s disputed atomic energy program. Subsequent reports have linked the program to a virus dubbed Flame, which prompted a temporary Internet blackout across Iran`s oil industry in April, and another virus called Gauss, which appeared to have been aimed at stealing information from customers of Lebanese banks.

Herbert Lin, a cyber expert at the National Research Council, agreed that Mills` comments were unusual in terms of the fact that they were made publicly.

Mills` brief comments about cyberattacks in Afghanistan were delivered to the TechNet Land Forces East conference in Baltimore on August 16, but they did not appear to have attracted much attention at the time. Footage of the speech was only recently posted to the Internet by conference organisers.


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