Earth’s orbit tilted by lost star

Last Updated: Monday, November 19, 2012 - 10:20

Washington: Ever wondered why the Earth`s orbit is tilted to the Sun`s equator?

A new theory suggests an errant young star strayed close and pulled our developing planets out of whack with the Sun`s equator.

Accounting for planets that circle their stars on tilted paths, this idea may also explains why Earth`s orbit is tipped 7 degree relative to the Sun`s equator, `ScienceNOW` reported.

in 1995, swiss astronomers made shocking discovery first "hot jupiter," gas giant circling close to its star.

"misaligned orbits are actually natural outcome disk migration?once you take into account fact planetary systems usually born multistellar environments," said, noting many stars have companions.
In work appearing in journal Nature, Batygin calculates how a young star`s protoplanetary disk gets torqued by a second star orbiting the first. When a giant planet spirals inward through this tilted disk, it ends up on a path that`s out of whack with its sun`s equator.

"I think it`s an entirely plausible idea," says astronomer Josh Winn.
"The best thing about it is we can test it," he said.

If Batygin is right, Winn says, then misalignments should be just as common in solar systems that lack hot Jupiters, because tilting a disk doesn`t require their presence.

NASA`s Kepler spacecraft has measured the tilt of just one multiplanet system: the three planets around Kepler 30, all of which have orbits that line up with their star`s equator.

"I think somewhere in the Milky Way, there`s a star that`s responsible for tilting us," Batygin says.

He suspects the Sun once had a companion star that tipped the solar nebula by 7 degree, then fled the scene after the planets arose.

"There`s a good chance that astronomers will find misalignment in the Alpha Centauri system," Batygin said.

PTI



First Published: Sunday, November 18, 2012 - 14:28

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