ESA`s gen-next satellite to monitor Earth`s forests
London: The European Space Agency is set to launch a new innovative Earth explorer satellite in 2020 to map and monitor the global forests - our planet`s most important natural resources.
ESA`s Earth Observation Programme Board has selected "Biomass" to become the seventh Earth Explorer mission. The innovative satellite aims to `weigh` the Earth`s forests.
The Biomass mission concept is set to become the next in a series of satellites developed to further our understanding of Earth, ESA said in a statement.
The satellite will be designed to provide, for the first time from space, P-band radar measurements that are optimised to determine the amount of biomass and carbon stored in the world`s forests with greater accuracy than ever before.
This information, which is poorly known in the tropics, is essential to our understanding of the role of forests in Earth`s carbon cycle and in climate change.
Reliable knowledge of tropical forest biomass also underpins the implementation of the UN Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) initiative ? an international effort to reduce carbon emissions from deforestation and land degradation in developing countries.
The measurements made by Biomass offer the opportunity to map the elevation of Earth`s terrain under dense vegetation, yielding information on subsurface geology and allowing the estimation of glacier and ice-sheet velocities, critical to our understanding of ice-sheet mass loss in a warming Earth.
Biomass also has the potential to evolve into an operational system, providing long-term monitoring of forests - one of Earth`s most important natural resources. The launch of the mission is foreseen for 2020.
"Biomass is an innovative new addition to the Earth Explorer satellite series," said Volker Liebig, Director of ESA`s Earth Observation Programmes.
It will play an important role in quantifying forest biomass - information necessary to better understand the carbon cycle, the space agency said.
The Earth Explorers are a series of satellites developed to further our understanding of Earth.
Three missions currently in orbit are providing new insight into Earth`s cryosphere, gravity and soil moisture and ocean salinity.
More from India
More from World
More from Sports
More from Entertaiment
- Why is Akhilesh Yadav encouraging dishonesty for votes?
- Is Akhilesh Yadav seeking votes based on development made by Modi govt?
- UP polls: Polling for fifth phase of Assembly elections today
- UP polls: PM Modi addresses public rally in Mau
- Report: Are mobile smartphones more unhygienic than toilet seats?
- Virender Sehwag's reply to Kargil martyr's daughter has taken the Internet by storm
- Ind vs Aus: Mohammed Azharuddin says Jayant Yadav and Ishant Sharma should be replaced in next Test
- Indian doctor rescued from ISIS recounts horror, says 'they forced me to watch videos, shot me thrice'
- Gurmehar Kaur reacts to Virender Sehwag's tweet, says she is heart broken!
- WATCH: MS Dhoni rips apart bowlers to smash brilliant 129-run knock in Vijay Hazare Trophy