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ISRO working on sending Indians to space

An unmanned test crew module will be put into orbit by ISRO in 2013 as a prelude to the country`s maiden manned mission to send two Indians into space.



Sriharikota: An unmanned test crew module
will be put into orbit by ISRO in 2013 as a prelude to the
country`s maiden manned mission to send two Indians into
space.

ISRO also said today that a third launch pad, at a cost
of Rs.1,000 crore, is proposed to be built at Sriharikota,
where the rocket that will take the Indian astronauts into
space will be assembled and blast off.

ISRO Chairman K Radhakrishnan said the space agency
plans to launch the first test unmanned mission with an
unmanned capsule on PSLV, which will be put into orbit and
recovered soon after the mission.

Talking to reporters here after the successful launch of
remote sensing satellite Cartosat-2B and four other satellites
by the PSLV rocket, he said that in the next three months ISRO
will launch GSLV-F06, which will carry a communication
satellite, and PSLV-C16 with a remote sensing satellite on
board.

ISRO has prepared a road map with an initial plan to put
two humans in orbit around Earth, keep them there for seven
days and bring them back safely, Radhakrishnan said.

Radhakrishnan said all new elements for the unmanned
launch have been designed. "We have gone to system concept
reviews. The first level of definitions and specifications
have been drawn up," he said.

"We need to have the orbital vehicle, namely the capsule
and its design and then develop the environmental control and
life support system, which will be followed by crew escape
system that will be very vital in case of mission abort," he
said.

These modules would be evaluated by launch of PSLV
unmanned mission, he said, adding it would give them
confidence, help evaluate the total system for its survival in
the space environment on how the entire system behaves.
To a question on whether ISRO had set a timeframe for the
manned mission, he said, "I don`t want to commit the date
unless we start the programme".

Radhakrishnan said scientists would work on the crew
model, which would have an environmental control life support
system.

"We are also working out a very high reliability vehicle,
capable of putting crew module with an adequate number of
persons," he said.

Dattan, Director of SDSC said a proposal has been given
to the government for approval to set up a third launch pad at
a cost of Rs 1,000 crore.

"Preliminary design of the third launch pad is now going
on with various experts. Location of the launch pad has also
been finalised taking into account the safety measures," he
said.

"Once approval is obtained, the third launch pad and
other infrastructure activities for the manned moon mission
will come up, costing more than Rs 1,000 crore," he added.

"We also propose to set up one more vertical assembly
building, similar to what we have it now. This would be
capable of assembling existing and forthcoming advance
vehicles," he said.

Dattan said the programme has already been initiated and
would be started once government accords approval.
ISRO to launch 2 more vehicles this year

ISRO today announced it would
launch two more vehicles this year and said preparation for
the unmanned moon mission in 2013 was in full swing with the
setting up of one more launch pad.

"In the next three months, we will launch GSLV-F06, which
will carry GSAT-5, a communication satellite and PSLV-C16,
that will carry `Resourcesat2` a remote sensing satellite,"
ISRO Chairman K Radhakrishnan told reporters soon after the
successful launch of remote sensing satellite Cartosat-2B.

The launch campaign for GSLV-F06 would start in two days,
he said, adding "we expect the launch to take place somewhere
during end of September or first week of October".

He said GSAT-5 is a fully communication satellite, which
would have C-band and external C-band transponders, useful for
television broadcasting and business communication.

"This satellite will also replace some of the ageing
vehicles that are currently in orbit," he said.

On the PSLV mission, he said PSLV-C16 would carry an
advance sensor satellite to provide multi-spectral data at
different resolutions.

ISRO Satellite System Director Dr T K Alex said, "This
satellite can be used in many applications, including
agriculture, forestry, water resources and coastal zones. It
can also provide 70 km and 6 meter resolution data," he added.

On the proposed unmanned moon mission, Radhakrishnan said
ISRO has planned to launch the first test mission with an
unmanned capsule on PSLV, which will be put into orbit and
will be recovered soon after the mission.

From Zee News

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