Washington: Researchers have discovered that a common space weather phenomenon on the outskirts of Earth`s magnetic bubble, the magnetosphere, has much larger repercussions for Venus.
The giant explosions, called hot flow anomalies, can be so large at Venus that they`re bigger than the entire planet and they can happen multiple times a day.
Glyn Collinson, a space scientist at NASA`s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md, said that they are not only are they gigantic but as Venus doesn`t have a magnetic field to protect itself, the hot flow anomalies happen right on top of the planet. They could swallow the planet whole.
At Earth, hot flow anomalies do not make it inside the magnetosphere, but they release so much energy just outside that the solar wind is deflected, and can be forced to move back toward the sun.
Without a magnetosphere, what happens at Venus is very different.
Venus `s only protection from the solar wind is the charged outer layer of its atmosphere called the ionosphere. A sensitive pressure balance exists between the ionosphere and the solar wind, a balance easily disrupted by the giant energy rush of a hot flow anomaly.
The hot flow anomalies may create dramatic, planet-scale disruptions, possibly sucking the ionosphere up and away from the surface of the planet.
The paper has been published online in the Journal of Geophysical Research.