Madurai: The Madras High Court has asked
surgeons to conduct autopsy on bodies following the guidelines
laid down by renowned authors such as Modi, Coax, Tailor and
Narayan Reddy on medical jurisprudence.
Surgeons should not issue certificates bereft of details,
Justice T Mathivanan said ordering re-investigation by a DSP
into the death of a 24-year-old man, who was found hanging
from a tree under SIPCOT police station limits in Krishnagiri
district on March 1, 2010.
A Sub inspector had concluded the death to be a case of
suicide and filed a final report stating further action was
The man`s father, S Krishnan had moved the High Court
alleging that his son had been murdered by a six member gang
and that he had seen them stack two bodies inside a
dilapidated building. Police did not investigate the matter
despite his representation to the SP, he alleged.
The Judge said
the SI failed to consider several
material facts. No investigation was done to trace the owner
of the sari used for hanging. Three empty liquor bottles,
plastic tumblers, water packets and cigarette packets found
near the body were also recovered.
"On perusing the observation of Mazhazar, rough sketch
and photographs, two important medico legal questions arise
whether the death was caused by hanging: whether hanging was
suicidal or homicide," the judge said.
"A doctor who conducts the postmortem has the
responsibility to answer these questions. But, a reading of
the post mortem certificate issued in this case on March 1,
2010 does not have any details as required in medical
jurisprudence," the court said.
"The doctor has not even chosen to say as to whether
the ligature mark found around the neck was ante-mortem or
post mortem. The doctor has not evinced much interest to
examine the sub-cutaneous tissue and the skin underneath the
ligature mark by way of layer-by-layer dissection," the judge
"Similarly the police officer who conducted the
investigation has not taken interest to cut and remove the
knot and preserve it to be given to the doctor who conducted
the post mortem," the judge said.