Madras that is Chennai turns 375
Chennai: Madras that is Chennai (since 1996) turned 375 on Thursday.
From a stretch of no-man`s land in 1639, it has grown to become a major industrial, business and cultural centre.
It was on this day in 1639 that British administrator Francis Day along with his superior Andrew Cogan struck a deal with the Vijayanagar empire to acquire a stretch of no man`s land.
That stretch of land went on to be become Madras, today known as Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu.
The British first built a fortified `factory` on this land which was named on St.George`s birthday April 23, 1640 as Fort St.George.
This is now the seat of power in Tamil Nadu, according to historian S. Muthiah`s "Madras: Its past and its present".
But it is not that there were no towns and villages before the Britishers set their foot on the Coromandel Coast.
The region had temples dating back to eighth century including the Parthasarathy temple in Triplicane, the Kapaleeswarar temple in Mylapore and the Marundeeswarar temple in Thiruvanmiyur -- all in Chennai.
With the East India Company beginning to acquire villages, Madras grew. For a brief period (1746-49), Fort.St.George fell into the possession of the French. It was restored to the British under a treaty.
After that there was no looking back for the East India Company, which laid the foundation for the British empire in India.
More from India
More from World
More from Sports
More from Entertaiment
- Afzal Guru row: JNU Students' Union president Kanhaiya Kumar arrested
- DNA: Analysis on actions taken against students protesting at JNU
- DNA: Analysis on actions taken against students protesting at JNU - Part II
- Watch: How students at JNU showcased anti-India spirit! - Part II
- DNA: Gravitational waves detected, proving Einstein right!
- Why Modi never spoke on issues like beef or Muzaffarnagar, asks Manmohan Singh
- 4th ODI: South Africa vs England - Hosts win game by solitary wicket to level series
- JNUSU prez Kanhaiya Kumar sent to 3-day police custody over Afzal Guru row, says being targeted for defeating ABVP in polls
- Ex-Army officers threaten to return JNU degrees against 'anti-national' activities in campus
- Delhi Police issues alert over alleged Hafiz Saeed's tweet backing 'pro-Pak' JNU protesters