New Delhi: Excessive urbanisation due to fast paced development and improvement in the basic infrastructure has catapulted several Indian cities to the list of top 100 fastest-growing cites in the world.
According to a report published in a leading daily on Thursday, Ghaziabad is among three Indian cities, which have leapfrogged to secure a place in the top-ten list of the most- developing cities in the world.
Apart from this, another 22 Indian cities figure prominently in the top 100 cities list giving a tough competition to booming towns in China.
The top 100 cities list, which has been prepared by City Mayors, a global think-tank that studies urban affairs to promote good governance, ranks Ghaziabad on the second spot followed by Surat on the fourth and Faridabad on the eighth slots respectively.
The list prepared by the City Mayors` is based on past growth and forecasts by international and national statistics organizations for the fastest-growing cities and urban areas between 2006 and 2020.
The study breaks the popular myth that world’s most populous cities are in China and also shifts the spotlight on a surprising list of urban areas spanning the Middle East to Mali.
Several Indian cities like Nashik, Patna, Rajkot and Jaipur figure in the top 25 cities list and, according to the City Mayors`, they will be most densely populated by 2020. National capital Delhi occupies the 28th position and Bangalore ranks at the 67th place in the list.
Interestingly, big metropolis such as Mumbai and Kolkata do not figure in the list. City Mayors’ report talks about mass urbanization, which is being witnessed currently across the globe.
The think-tank claims that it is for the first time that a vast majority of the global population now live in cities than in the rural areas. Lending credence to City Mayors’ assessment, the UN Population Fund, recently said in its report that urban-population will swell to nearly 5 billion by 2030.
The UN agency states that India will overtake China as the most populous state by 2030. A similar study by McKinsey further states that India`s urban population will increase to 590 million in that period. This expansion will happen at an unprecedented pace.
The assessment done by City Mayors is crucial as it raises an alarm for the policymakers to wake up to the challenges of excessive urbanisation. On its part, the government is now favouring the development of environment-friendly cities to reduce the increasing burden on environment and ecology.
Jitesh Brahmkshatriya, head of Environmental Planning at British engineering firm Atkins, has also called for the need to develop ways of embedding low-carbon techniques into the planning of Indian cities.