London: Al Qaeda and al Qaeda inspired
terrorism remains the biggest threat to the UK`s national
security and over 2,000 people in the UK, including many of
Pakistani origin, pose a threat to the country, a report by a
top British think-tank has suggested.
The report, `Islamist Terrorism: The British
Connections`, compiled by London-based Centre for Social
cohesion, said most terrorism in Britain is committed by
"The UK national security services estimates that over
2,000 people in the UK pose a terrorist threat. In March 2005
it was estimated that there were up to 200 al-Qaeda trained
operatives in the UK," the report said.
The British-based threat does not only affect the UK,
but a number of British Muslims have been convicted in foreign
courts or have fought for or trained with terrorist or
extremist groups abroad.
The report aims to present an overview of
Islamist-inspired terrorism with significant connections to
It is a collection of profiles of Islamist-inspired
terrorist convictions and attacks in the UK between 1999 and
2009 and a statistical analysis is drawn from the data
The report also examines the scope of British-linked
Islamist-inspired terrorism threats worldwide since 1993,
including convictions, training and suicide attacks abroad, as
well as terrorism extradition cases from the UK.
The report profiles 124 individuals who were convicted
for suicide attacks or terrorism offences in Britain for a
decade from 1999. Of them "40 individuals had links with
terrorist organisations", mainly the al Qaeda and
A third had attended one or more terrorist training
camps, "the most common location being Pakistan", the report
Of the 124 individuals profiled, 69 per cent were
those holding British nationality. Half of them had South
Central, Asian ancestry.
Twenty-eight per cent of these had "some Pakistani
heritage" of whom 80 per cent were "British nationals with
Pakistani origins", the report said.