Arab leaders tacitly back crackdown on Brotherhood: Analysts
Most Arab leaders tacitly support Egypt`s deadly crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood, fearing the group`s growing regional influence since the Arab Spring threatens their own power, analysts say.
Beirut: Most Arab leaders tacitly support Egypt`s deadly crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood, fearing the group`s growing regional influence since the Arab Spring threatens their own power, analysts say.
Egypt`s army, directly or indirectly in power since 1952, ousted the Brotherhood`s democratically elected Mohamed Morsi as president in a July 3 coup and installed an interim civilian government in its place.
Morsi`s supporters set up protest camps in Cairo and promised to stay put until the former leader, now in custody, was reinstated. The government ordered them to disperse and, after a number of delays, police backed by troops stormed the camps on Wednesday.
The death toll from ensuing clashes, in the capital and across Egypt, has reached nearly 600 people.
But only Qatar, a Brotherhood patron, and Tunisia, whose ruling Ennahda party is affiliated with the movement, strongly condemned the assault.
"All the Gulf monarchies, except for Qatar, and Jordan fear that the Muslim Brotherhood revolution will be exported to them," said Khattar Abou Diab, a professor at University of Paris-Sud.
"For that reason, they are hoping for a return to the classic situation of a strong power in Egypt, a pivotal country in the Arab world."
These countries, Saudi Arabia in particular, "have noted with disapproval the growing weight of Turkey and Iran... And their support for the Egyptian regime demonstrates their desire to return to a purely Arab regional system based on more classical lines."
Turkey, whose Islamist government is ideologically aligned with the Muslim Brotherhood, has widened its influence in the Arab world since the outbreak of the Arab Spring.
And Iran has reinforced its links with the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and established relations with the Brotherhood in Egypt.
Hami Shadi, a Middle East expert at the Brookings Doha Centre, said what happened in Egypt "is a product of a big regional issue, which is this kind of `Arab Cold War`, and it is clear what side... Is winning."
For Riyadh and Abu Dhabi, the coup delivered a "blow to their major regional opponent, the Muslim Brotherhood, so it would not make much sense for them to turn around now and say "well, we don`t like what you are doing anymore.`
"Saudi Arabia and the UAE are now the primary patrons of this new military government and they are very supportive. It is unlikely they would offer much criticism."
For 30 years, Saudi Arabia and the Brotherhood maintained good relations, but these deteriorated after the Brotherhood criticised Riyadh for accepting US military personnel in the country during the 1991 Gulf War. Things got worse after the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States.