Yeonpyeong Island: South Korea fired artillery in a 90-minute drill from a front-line island on Monday and launched fighter jets to deter attacks after North Korea warned of catastrophic retaliation for the manoeuvres.
There was no sign of any North Korean military response during the drill, a South Korean Defence Ministry official said, speaking on condition of anonymity, citing office rules. The South had evacuated hundreds of residents near its tense land border and sent residents of islands near disputed waters into underground bunkers amid soaring fears of war.
The live-fire exercises came nearly a month after the North responded to earlier manoeuvres by shelling Yeonpyeong island, killing two marines and two civilians in its first attack targeting civilian areas since the 1950-53 Korean War. It had said it would respond even more harshly to any new drills from the Yellow Sea island.
UN diplomats meeting in New York failed to find any solution to ease fears of renewed warfare on the Korean peninsula.
Hours later, Seoul`s Defence Ministry said the drills were under way on Yeonpyeong, a tiny enclave of fishing communities and military bases about seven miles (11 kilometres) from North Korean shores.
The North considers waters around Yeonpyeong its own territory. Similar drills on November 23 sparked the North`s artillery barrage, after what it says were clear warnings to the South to halt the firing. The North warned of a "catastrophe" if South Korea went ahead with new drills.
South Korea`s military said ahead of Monday`s planned drills that it would "immediately and sternly" deal with any provocation by the North. Fighter jets flew over South Korean airspace on a mission to deter North Korean attacks, a Defence Ministry official said. He spoke on condition of anonymity, citing department rules.
Residents, local officials and journalists on Yeonpyeong and four other islands were ordered to evacuate to underground shelters because of possible attacks by North Korea, Ongjin County government spokesman Won Ji-young said.
Hundreds of South Koreans living near the tense land border with North Korea were either evacuated to bomb shelters or taken to areas farther south ahead of the drills, local officials said.
On Yeonpyeong, residents filed into an underground shelter after authorities announced the drill and huddled on the floor as a South Korean soldier showed them how to use a gas mask, according to a report.
"I feel the same as last November 23, when North Korea fired artillery at us," said Oh Gui-nam, a 70-year-old island resident. "My emotions are all tangled up."
The Defence Ministry said the artillery drills involved several types of weapons, including K-9 self-propelled guns, ministry spokesman Kim Min-seok told reporters, according to his office.
Ahead of the drills, South Korean President Lee Myung-bak on Monday asked all South Koreans to be more united and vigilant about North Korea.
"The highest-level of national security comes from unity among the people," Lee said in a previously scheduled meeting with home affairs officials, according to Lee`s office. North Korea provokes South Korea when "our public opinion is divided," Lee said.
The UN Security Council failed on Sunday to agree on a statement to address rising tensions on the Korean peninsula.
US Ambassador Susan Rice said the United States and other council members demanded that the council condemn North Korea for two deadly attacks this year that have helped send relations to their lowest point in decades. But diplomats said China strongly objected.
After eight hours of closed-door consultations Sunday, Russia`s UN Ambassador Vitaly Churkin, who called the emergency council meeting, told reporters "we were not successful in bridging all the bridges”.
Although some countries still need to consult capitals, Rice said "the gaps that remain are unlikely to be bridged."