Brazil demands Iran guarantee nuclear work is non-military

UN Security Council member Brazil demanded on Tuesday that Iran guarantee its nuclear programme has no military aims, saying the crisis has become the single most important security issue in the world.

Updated: Apr 27, 2010, 23:56 PM IST

Tehran: UN Security Council member Brazil
demanded on Tuesday that Iran guarantee its nuclear programme has
no military aims, saying the crisis has become the single most
important security issue in the world.

Brazilian Foreign Minister Celso Amorim said his country
will work to avoid new sanctions against Iran, but urged
Tehran and world powers to show "flexibility" over an atomic
fuel deal stalled for several months.
He also objected to the structure of the group of nations
negotiating with Iran over its nuclear programme, and
indicated that nations such as Brazil and Turkey can be
"political guarantors" to resolve the crisis.

"Iran should have peaceful nuclear activities, but the
international community should be given guarantees that there
will not be violation and diversion (of nuclear technology)
towards military aims," Amorim, who is on a two-day visit,
told a Tehran press conference.

Brazil, a temporary member of the 15-strong Security
Council, has consistently defended Iran`s nuclear programme.

But today, Amorim said guarantees were necessary as the
Iranian nuclear crisis "is the single most important security
issue in the world today" and it was obligatory for council
members such as Brazil and Turkey to ensure that it is
resolved.

"Everybody has to give guaranteees. It could be by way of
more (UN) inspectors (on the ground in Iran) and inspections
of facilities," he told reporters from Western news media in a
separate briefing.

"There are other ways of giving assurances that there are
no deviations (of nuclear work) and at the same time giving
satisfaction to Iran."
Amorim insisted that the impasse, which has "dragged for
seven years," must be resolved.

"We want a solution to this impasse. Brazil is interested
in having a role in settling Iran`s nuclear issue. I heard the
explanation from Iranian sides in my long meeting (with
Iranian Foreign Minister Manouchehr Mottaki). It was
constructive," he said.

The minister took serious exception to the presence of
Western countries in the P5+1 group negotiating with Iran. The
group consists of permanent Security Council members Britain,
China, France, Russia and the United States, plus Germany.

"Why P5 plus one? Forget about Brazil, why not a European
country which is nearer and able to understand Iran ... It has
always been like the West will resolve this question," he
said.

"We accept China and Russia because they are permanent
members and have veto powers anyway so they can come to
discussion, but apart from that no other country."

PTI