Timeline: Libyan civil war

Last Updated: Thursday, October 20, 2011 - 19:10

Here is a timeline of the civil war in Libya since protests against Muammar Gaddafi broke out in February:

February 15/16, 2011 - The arrest of human rights activist Fethi Tarbel starts a riot in Benghazi.

February 24 - Anti-government militias take control of central coastal city of Misrata after evicting forces loyal to Gaddafi.

February 26 - The UN Security Council imposes sanctions on Gaddafi and his family, and refers the crackdown on rebels to the International Criminal Court.

February 28 - EU governments approve sanctions against Gaddafi and his closest advisers.

March 5 - The rebel National Transitional Council (NTC) in Benghazi declares itself Libya`s sole representative.

March 17 - The UN Security Council votes to authorize a no-fly zone over Libya and military action -- to protect civilians against Gaddafi`s Army.

March 19 - The first air strikes halt the advance of Gaddafi`s forces on Benghazi and target Libya`s air defences.

April 30 - A NATO missile attack on a house in Tripoli kills Gaddafi`s youngest son and three grandchildren, his government says.

June 27 - The ICC issues arrest warrants for Gaddafi, his son Saif al-Islam and intelligence chief Abdullah al-Senussi on charges of crimes against humanity.

August 21 - Rebels enter Tripoli with little resistance. Gaddafi makes audio addresses over state television calling on Libyans to fight off the rebel "rats."

August 23 - The rebels overrun Gaddafi`s fortified Bab al-Aziziya compound in Tripoli, trashing the symbols of his rule.

August 29 - Gaddafi`s wife, his daughter Aisha and two of his sons enter Algeria. Aisha Gaddafi gives birth in a clinic in a border town hours after crossing the frontier.

September 1 - Libya`s interim rulers meet world leaders at a conference in Paris to discuss reshaping Libya. Gaddafi, on the 42nd anniversary of his coming to power, urges his supporters to fight on.

September 8 - Interim prime minister Mahmoud Jibril arrives in Tripoli on his first visit since it was taken by his forces.

September 11 - Libya starts producing oil again. Niger says Gaddafi`s son Saadi has arrived there.

September 13 - Interim government chief Mustafa Abdel Jalil makes his first speech in Tripoli to a crowd of about 10,000.

September 15 - France`s Nicolas Sarkozy and Britain`s David Cameron land in Libya to a heroes` welcome.

September 16 - The UN Security Council eases sanctions on Libya, including on its national oil company and central bank. The UN General Assembly approves a request to accredit interim government envoys as Libya`s sole representatives at the UN, effectively recognizing the NTC.

September 20 - US President Barack Obama calls for the last of Gaddafi`s loyalist forces to surrender as he announces the return of the US ambassador to Tripoli. Gaddafi taunts NATO in a speech broadcast by Syrian-based Arrai television station.

September 21 - The interim rulers say they have captured most of Sabha, one of three main towns where Gaddafi loyalists have been holding out since the fall of Tripoli. Gaddafi`s birthplace Sirte and the town of Bani Walid continue to resist.

September 25 - The first Libyan crude oil to be shipped in months sails from the eastern port of Marsa el Hariga for Italy.

September 27 - NATO says Libya`s interim rulers have taken full control of the country`s stockpile of chemical weapons and nuclear material.

October 12 - Government fighters capture Gaddafi`s son Mo`tassim after he tried to escape Sirte.

October 13 - NTC forces say they have control of the whole of Sirte except neighborhood `Number Two` where Gaddafi forces are surrounded.

October 14 - Gunfights break out in Tripoli between Gaddafi supporters and NTC forces, the first sign of armed resistance to the new government.

October 17 - NTC forces celebrate the capture of Bani Walid, one of the final bastions of Gaddafi loyalists.

-- A Syrian television station confirms Gaddafi`s son Khamis died in fighting southeast of Tripoli on August 29.

October 18 - U.S. Secretary of State Hilary Clinton arrives in Libya on an unannounced visit, urges militias to unite.

October 20 - NTC fighters capture Sirte, Gaddafi`s hometown, ending a two-month siege and extinguishing the last significant hold out of troops loyal to the deposed leader.

Bureau Report



First Published: Thursday, October 20, 2011 - 19:07

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