Santiago: Chile has declared a red alert for three national parks and reserves where massive wildfires are threatening forests that are thousands of years old, officials said Tuesday.
The fires have been raging for more than a week in the southern region of La Araucania, which has been hit by a severe drought.
They "remain out of control at the moment, with high probability of spreading and intensifying," the National Emergency Office (ONEMI) said Monday night.
The head of national forest service CONAF, Aaron Cavieres, said firefighters were battling to keep the blaze away from populated areas.
"High temperatures and strong winds of more than 50 kilometers (30 miles) an hour are complicating our work to contain the fires," he said.
The fires are burning in three protected areas: China Muerta National Reserve, Nalca Lolco National Reserve and Conguillio National Park.
They have affected 4,500 hectares (11,000 acres) so far, including 200 hectares in Conguillio, an Andes mountain park popular with tourists because of its volcanos and centuries-old monkey puzzle trees.
The trees (Araucaria araucana), members of the pine family, can live for more than 1,000 years and grow as tall as 50 meters (165 feet). They are considered sacred by indigenous Mapuche people, and Chile has declared them part of its unique national natural heritage.
Environmentalists have warned that the fires are threatening hundreds of plant species and animal life.
The head of environmental group Accion Ecologica, Luis Mariano Rendon said at the weekend it was a "massive environmental catastrophe."
CONAF said firefighters would begin spraying some areas with a chemical flame retardant to create firebreaks.
Three planes and four helicopters are backing up 15 firefighting brigades in the area, some 700 kilometers (450 miles) south of the capital Santiago.
Thirty Argentine firefighters are on their way to join the effort in the neighboring country.