China: Communists fear Soviet-style collapse
Chinese Communist Party is going through the phase of "nervous sixties" as it completed 62 years in power.
Jinggangshan: Bracing for key
leadership changes, China`s 80-million strong Communist Party
is getting ready for yet another long-haul with an ideological
makeover to avert a Soviet Union-style collapse which spelled
doom for communism worldwide.
Celebrating its 90th anniversary this year, the
Chinese Communist Party (CPC) is going through the phase of
"nervous sixties" as it completed 62 years in power, according
to some of the party officials.
"The Soviet Communist Party collapsed in 1991, after
74 years in power. It is a wake-up call for the CPC and a very
good lesson to be learnt," Zhou Jintang, Vice President of the
China Executive Leadership Academy, told a group of visiting
foreign journalists here.
The Academy, one of the six established by the CPC,
trains around 5,000 middle rung party leaders and officials
from the military, government, business in various aspects of
One key factor for CPC in the years ahead was how
quickly the growing disparities between rich and poor were
bridged and how the party would remain in touch with people at
the grass roots with steps to firmly put down corruption, Zhou
Also the CPC is gearing up for a major leadership
changes next year, when President Hu Jintao and Prime Minister
Wen Jiabao and a host of leaders at different levels are
scheduled to quit after two terms to pave the way for new
Vice President Xi Jinping, who has been made the Vice
Chairman of the powerful military commission, is widely
expected to succeed Hu after the Party Congress to be held in
December, next year. Xi heads the main CPC School in Beijing.
Though CPC was expected to continue economic reforms
advocated by Mao`s successor Deng Xiaoping, party is divided
over opening up on political reform fearing it would open
floodgates for dissent and unrest.
While CPC ideologically equipped cadre, the government
geared up to meet any internal trouble by allocating USD 95
billion budget this year to beef up police, state security,
armed civil militia, courts and jails.
Incidentally, this year?s internal security budget for
China was higher than the USD 91 billion defence budget.
The Soviet collapse besides the major changes
introduced by CPC, shedding its founder Mao`s hardline
policies after his death, were part of the curriculum for the
short term courses and the lessons were dinned into every CPC
official so that the mistakes can be avoided.
Senior officials of the CPC say moving away from Mao’s
era were timely decision aimed at moving ahead with changing
"No one has contributed to the Chinese history than
Mao. But he was not a God and made some mistakes. The CPC
corrected them. But at the same time the party acknowledges
that he has made greatest contribution to China," said Zhou
Guan, Vice Mayor and senior party official of Nanchang, the
third most developed city in China.
But at the same time the party also regarded Deng,
whose economic reforms made China, the second largest economy
of the world as greatest figure in country`s history, he said.
Zhou said despite 62 years as a ruling party, CPC
remained popular among Chinese as it attracted two to three
million members every year and the number last year touched 80
million, making it the largest political party in the world.