Ankara: Turkey's outgoing Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan is to be sworn in as president today to extend his more than decade-long domination of the country.
Erdogan was due to take his oath of office at 1100 GMT (1630 IST) in Ankara and usher in a new era for Turkey, where he is expected to push for a new constitution and seek to further transform the country with development projects.
Taking over Erdogan's post of prime minister is Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu, a long standing ally who is expected to do little to challenge the Turkish number one.
Heads of state from a dozen nations in Eastern Europe, Africa, Central Asia and the Middle East will attend the ceremony, including Ukraine's President Petro Poroshenko, the Anatolia news agency reported.
But leaders of top Western states will be conspicuous by their absence in a possible sign of suspicion towards Erdogan, who has been accused of authoritarian tendencies. The United States is only sending its charge d'affaires in Ankara.
Armenian Foreign Minister Edward Nalbandian, whose country has no diplomatic ties with its giant neighbour, is expected to attend the ceremony.
Erdogan, who became prime minister in 2003, won presidential elections on August 10 against a weak opposition, which accuses him of Islamising tendencies but remains in disarray.
A man clearly with his eye on history, Erdogan during his five-year presidential term will have ruled Turkey longer than its modern founder Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, who established the republic out of the ruins of the Ottoman Empire.
He can serve two mandates and so could stay in power until 2024, which would allow him to see in the 100th anniversary of modern Turkey in 2023 and portray himself as a historic figure rivalling Ataturk.
Davutoglu was confirmed as party leader at a vast meeting of the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) at which both men vowed there would be no change in policy, despite the changeover.
"Names have no importance. Names change today but our essence, our mission, our spirits, our goals and ideals remain in place," Erdogan told the meeting.
Erdogan, who has two sons and two daughters, described the party he helped found as his "fifth child", but said the "farewell time" had come.
Under Turkish law, the president should sever all ties with political parties -- but Erdogan said the party was not just about one person.
"The AKP will never be a one-man party. It is a party of principles," he said.