French, German presidents to mark WWI anniversary
Paris: French President Francois Hollande and his German counterpart Joachim Gauck will pay joint tribute Sunday to the soldiers who died after Germany declared war on France exactly 100 years ago.
The two leaders will gather at Hartmannswillerkopf to remember the 30,000 soldiers who lost their lives in the fierce World War I battles around this rocky peak in France`s Alsace region near the border between the two countries.
In their speeches, Hollande and Gauck will not only remember the sacrifices made but also celebrate their countries` friendship and the construction of a peaceful Europe after World War II.
Last year the two heads of state walked hand in hand to a monument in the central French village of Oradour-sur-Glane where SS troops massacred 642 people on June 10, 1944 during World War II, the worst Nazi atrocity in occupied France. Gauck was the first German leader ever to visit the village.
In Hartmannswillerkopf, Hollande and Gauck will lay wreaths, hold a minute`s silence and meet around one hundred young French and Germans exchange students.
They will also lay the foundation stone for the first museum jointly conceived by historians from both countries, which will tell the story of the fighting on the mountain known as "The Eater of Men".
The events "testify to the strength of the friendship between the two countries which allows them to look together at their common history, including at what has been the most dramatic," Hollande`s office said.
The symbolism is all the stronger as August 3, 1914 "opened a period of 30 years of conflicts, bitterness, massacres and barbarity between France and Germany," the Elysee added.
Meanwhile, descendants of the first two French and German casualties of the war gathered in the northeastern French border town of Joncherey on Saturday for a ceremony marking the centenary of their deaths, which occurred on the eve of Germany`s declaration of war on France when German troops on a reconnaissance mission fired on French soldiers.
In Liege on Monday, a service to mark 100 years since the German invasion of Belgium will be attended by members of the Belgian and British royal families as well as other heads of state and government, including Hollande and Gauck.
London will also hold events in the coming days to mark the centenary of Britain`s declaration of war on Germany.
The four-year conflict that became known as the Great War left some 10 million dead and 20 million injured on the battlefields. Millions more perished under occupation through disease, hunger or deportation.
Japan`s naming of disputed islands a `farce` says China
Beijing: China`s state media on Sunday slammed Japan`s move to name islands at the edge of its territorial waters claimed by Beijing as a "farce", saying they already had Chinese names.
Tokyo on Friday named 160 uninhabited islands in the East China Sea which include five in an archipelago known as Senkaku in Japan and Diaoyu in China over which the two nations have long been at loggerheads.
"Japan`s naming farce can`t change China`s sovereignty over Diaoyu Islands," was the headline of a commentary in China`s state-run news agency Xinhua.
"Japan may believe that giving names to those islets is a show of its sovereignty, but it has to be reminded that those islets have already got a Chinese name," it added.
China`s foreign ministry, reacting after Tokyo`s move, described the action as "illegal and invalid" and said it did not "change anything to the fact" that the islands belonged to China.
"China is resolutely opposed to Japan`s actions infringing China`s sovereign rights," spokesman Qin Gang said in a statement.
Beijing claims that the Mandarin name of the Diaoyu Islands first appeared in writings in the early 15th century, proving that China had discovered and named the islands then.
Tokyo and Beijing`s bitter and longstanding battle over ownership of the East China Sea chain was exacerbated when Japan nationalised some of the archipelago nearly two years ago.
Since then, the waters have seen increasingly dangerous standoffs in the sea and air around the contested territory.
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