Washington: President Barack Obama honoured the legacy of September 11 victims on Sunday by personally tracing the trail of the terrorist attacks, proudly declaring that the decade since has proven "America does not give in to fear”.
At ground zero, Obama stood in solidarity with president George W Bush right where hijacked airliners smashed into the twin World Trade Centre towers in 2001. He touched the names of those etched into a bronze memorial amid the rush of its striking waterfalls.
In a field in western Pennsylvania, Obama strolled along a marbled Wall of Names that stands in tribute to the 40 people who crashed in Shanksville after fighting back against the terrorists. Obama seemed to shake the hand of every person he could reach.
In the rebuilt Pentagon just outside the US capital, the symbol of US military might attacked by terrorists that day, Obama placed a wreath at a memorial where each of 184 victims is remembered. A brass quartet played a soulful rendition of "Amazing Grace”.
And finally, back in Washington, after a day he chose to mark mainly by quiet presence, the President spoke of the pride of a nation.
"These past 10 years have shown that America does not give in to fear," he said. Nor to suspicion or mistrust or sacrificed values, he said.
"Our people still work in skyscrapers," Obama said during an evening ceremony centred on American hope and resilience.
"Our stadiums are still filled with fans, and our parks full of children playing ball. ... This land pulses with the optimism of those who set out for distant shores, and the courage of those who died for human freedom."
This was not a day centred on politics.
Obama`s principal role was simply to be there — to be there at every site — as Americans remembered the nearly 3,000 lives lost and ponder all that has transpired.
On a brilliant, sun-splashed morning, Obama and his wife, Michelle, first walked with Bush and his wife, Laura, to the new North Memorial Pool at New York`s ground zero. All four touched the names etched in bronze and silently bowed their heads. The former president wore his anguish clearly.
They then turned to dispense greetings and hugs to family members of those who died.
Bush gave Obama a quick nod of solidarity after the President`s reading. It was the first time the two presidents had seen each other since their Rose Garden appearance after the Haiti earthquake in January 2010.
The Presidents and their wives stood behind bulletproof glass during the ceremony, an indication of the tight security surrounding the day`s events. In Washington, Obama`s chief counterterrorism adviser convened a meeting in the Situation Room to review security threats.
Obama, who was an unknown state senator from Illinois when the hijackers struck, has called on Americans to remember and serve — and to come together.
"Ten years later, I`d say America came through this thing in a way that was consistent with our character," he told NBC News. "We`ve made mistakes. Some things haven`t happened as quickly as they needed to. But overall, we took the fight to al Qaeda, we preserved our values, we preserved our character."
In the broadcast interview, Obama recalled going home after the attacks and rocking his baby daughter, Sasha. "Our first reaction was, and continues to be, just heartbreak for the families involved. The other thing that we all remember is how America came together."