Beijing: China on Friday turned red as the
ruling Communist Party celebrated its 90th anniversary with
President Hu Jintao promising political reforms but only under
the "absolute control" of the CPC over military and
government, as he warned that rampant corruption was eroding
the party`s legitimacy.
"We must adhere to the fundamental principle of the
party exercising absolute leadership over the army and the
fundamental purpose of the army as a people`s army and
cultivate core values for contemporary revolutionary military
personnel," Hu said in a keynote speech at a grand gathering
marking the 90th founding anniversary of the Communist Party
of China (CPC) at Great Hall of the People.
Hu who is also the party General Secretary said CPC
will "actively yet prudently" carry out political and
structural reform, aiming to achieve the goal of people
determining their destiny.
"Corruption will cost the party the support and trust
of the people," the President said. The Party is soberly aware
of the gravity and danger of corruption, he said.
The whole Party must remain vigilant against
corruption, be fully aware that fighting corruption will be "a
protracted, complicated and arduous battle," and give higher
priority to combating corruption and upholding integrity, Hu
said, as patriotic films, TV programmes and "red" songs,
praising the 62 year Communist Party rule dominated the
He called on leading officials to bear in mind that
power is entrusted by the people and can only be used in their
interests. "We must not turn our power into an instrument for
making personal gains for a handful of individuals."
Hu, who is due to relinquish power next year along
with Prime Minister Wen Jiabao to a new set of leaders, said
the Party, however, will stick to its ideological line of
socialist system with Chinese characteristics, propounded by
Mao Zedong`s successor, Deng Xiaoping in 1976.
"Development is critically important, and upholding
stability is also a critically important task. Without
stability, nothing could be done, and even the achievements
already made could be lost," the President said, perhaps as a
response to the growing demand for political reforms within
the party and China in general.
Most importantly, Hu emphasised the Party`s absolute
leadership over the army, which is key to ensure the
perpetuity of its rule.
CPC has ruled China for 62 years and the party is
currently carrying out campaign to revitalise its units all
over the country to retain firm hold on power.
It should comprehensively enhance its capability to
accomplish a range of military tasks, and the most important
one is to win limited wars under the conditions of IT
application (cyber wars), Hu said.
However, he noted that China`s international status as
the largest developing country in the world has not changed
and development is still the key to solving all the problems
in the country.
China is still "in the primary stage of socialism and
will remain so for a long time to come," Hu said, adding that
the party will intensify its efforts to combat corruption,
which is crucial in gaining popular support for the party and
ensuring its very survival as it has emerged as a major issue
during past few decades.
While holding out the promise of reforms, CPC however
ruled out multi-party democracy in the near future.
The future of the country`s multi-party cooperation
system remains secure under the leadership of the CPC, and the
creation of new parties is unnecessary, a top CPC official
"The cooperation system is a unique political
advantage of the CPC. It is different from the one-party
system and the multi-party system," Chen Xiqing, a deputy head
of the United Front Work Department of the CPC Central
Committee told media here.
Summing up the official thinking, state-run Global
Times in its editorial today said, "The CPC now faces new
challenges. As the largest ruling party in the world, (80
million members) it can draw few experiences for reference
from other sources.
"The CPC has many missions in the future, such as
upgrading the mode of economic growth, improving social
livelihood, removing corruption and accomplish relative social
It added, "Some Western observers see these tasks as
impossible. They predict that China will either get trapped in
political setbacks or collapse during future reform. Those
observers underestimate the CPC`s flexibility and wisdom."
The entire country turned red on the occasion with red
banners, flags and buntings to recreate the revolutionary
spirit of the past while the official media carried out the
past clippings of CPC`s victory over Kuomintang troops led by
Chang Kai Sheik to take control of power in 1949.