Tokyo: Nuclear energy should be promoted to fight global warming while ensuring non-proliferation through international efforts, Japan said on Friday.
Entitled `The Change in Government and Nuclear Policy`, Atomic Energy Commission in its 2009 annual White Paper on Nuclear Energy calls for building new nuclear power plants in the country, improving the performance of existing plants and exporting Japanese plants and technologies, as well as Tokyo`s contributions to nuclear non-proliferation.
"Nuclear power is expected to make significant contributions to achieving the goal set by the new government," the report says, referring to Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama`s emissions reduction target of 25 percent from 1990 levels by 2020, more than the target sought by the previous administration.
In the area of non-proliferation, which it says is a pre-requisite for nuclear energy to be promoted, Japan should contribute to the activities of the International Atomic Energy Agency as a country with established legal systems and technologies, it says.
The year 2009 was "a year in which awareness of (the need for) nuclear non-proliferation has increased internationally," the report says, citing as an example US President Barack Obama`s address in Prague in April last year, in which he called for a world without nuclear weapons.
As for Tokyo`s policy to realise a system to recycle nuclear fuel in Japan, the paper calls for steady efforts to complete a spent nuclear fuel reprocessing plant in Aomori Prefecture by overcoming problems by vitrifying high-level radioactive waste that have prolonged its test run.