Libya: Protesters, security clash in capital

Libya has seen bloodiest crackdown of any Arab country reeling from protests.

Last Updated: Feb 21, 2011, 16:18 PM IST

Cairo: Protesters and security forces battled in the centre of Tripoli as anti-government unrest spread to the Libyan capital and Muammar Gaddafi’s son went on state television to proclaim that his father remained in charge with the Army`s backing and would "fight until the last man, the last woman, the last bullet”.

Even as Seif al-Islam Gaddafi spoke on Sunday night, clashes were raging in and around Tripoli`s central Green Square, lasting until dawn Monday, witnesses said. They reported snipers opening fire on crowds trying to seize the square, and Gaddafi supporters speeding through in vehicles, shooting and running over protesters. Early on Monday, protesters took over the office of two of the multiple state-run satellite news channels, witnesses said.

The protests and violence were the heaviest yet in the capital, a sign of the spread of unrest after six days of demonstrations in eastern cities demanding the end of the elder Gaddafi`s rule.

In Libya`s second biggest city, Benghazi, protesters were in control of the streets on Monday after days of bloody clashes and were swarming over the main security headquarters, looting weapons, several residents said. A Turkish Airlines flight trying to land in Benghazi on Monday was forced to circle over the airport then return to Istanbul.

Protesters in Benghazi took down the Libyan flag from above the city`s main courthouse and in its place raised the flag of the country`s old monarchy, toppled in 1969 in the military coup that brought Muammar Gaddafi to power, one witness said.

Libya has seen the bloodiest crackdown of any Arab country on the wave of protests sweeping the region that toppled the leaders of Egypt and Tunisia. Since the six days of unrest began, more than 200 people have been killed, according to medical officials, human rights groups and exiled dissidents.

Gaddafi`s son said his father would prevail.

"We are not Tunisia and Egypt," he said. "Muammar Gaddafi, our leader, is leading the battle in Tripoli, and we are with him."

"The armed forces are with him. Tens of thousands are heading here to be with him. We will fight until the last man, the last woman, the last bullet," he said in a rambling and sometimes confused speech of nearly 40 minutes.

He warned the protesters that they risked igniting a civil war in which Libya`s oil wealth "will be burned”. He also promised "historic" reforms in Libya if protests stop.

Seif has often been put forward as the regime`s face of reform. Several of the elder Gaddafi`s sons have powerful positions in the regime and in past years have competed for influence. Seif`s younger brother Mutassim is the national security adviser, with a strong role in the military and security forces, and another brother Khamis heads the Army`s 32nd Brigade, which according to US diplomats is the best trained and best equipped force in the military.

The clashes in Tripoli began on Sunday afternoon, when protesters from various parts of the city began to stream toward central Green Square, chanting "God is great”, said one 28-year-old man who was among the marchers.

In the square, they found groups of Gaddafi supporters, but the larger number of protesters appeared to be taking over the square and surrounding streets, he and two other witnesses said. That was when the backlash began, with snipers firing down from rooftops and militiamen attacking the crowds, shooting and chasing people down side streets, they said.

"We saw civilian cars with Gaddafi pictures, they started to look for the protesters, to either run over them or open fire with automatic weapons," said the 28-year-old, reached by telephone. "They were driving like mad men searching for someone to kill. ... It was total chaos, shooting and shouting."

The witnesses reported seeing casualties, but the number could not be confirmed. One, who spoke on condition he be identified only by his first name Fathi, said he saw at least two he believed were dead and many more wounded. "I could still hear gunfire after 5 am this morning," he said.

After midnight, protesters took over the main Tripoli offices of two state-run satellite stations, Al-Jamahiriya-1 and Al-Shebabiya, one witness said. All the witnesses spoke on condition of anonymity because of fears of retaliation.

After daybreak on Monday, Green Square and surrounding streets were empty. Schools, government offices and most stores were shut down across the city of 2 million, the witnesses said. State TV sought to give an air of normalcy, reporting that Muammar Gaddafi received telephone calls of support from the presidents of Nicaragua and Mali. It showed footage of a crowd of Libyans said to be from the town of Zeltein chanting their support for Gaddafi in a conference hall. Gaddafi, in flowing black and brown robes, waved to the crowd with both hands. It was not clear when the scene was taking place.

Western countries have expressed concern at the rising violence against demonstrators in Libya.

Bureau Report