Washington: Former general Thein Sein becomes the first Myanmar President to be welcomed to the White House in almost 47 years, crowning a dramatic diplomatic rehabilitation for his nation after years of international isolation.
But activists are angry about President Barack Obama hosting Thein Sein, and lawmakers are wary. The Myanmar leader has led the shift from decades of direct military rule, but has stalled on some reform commitments and failed to stop bloody outbursts of ethnic violence.
Thein Sein previously served in a repressive junta, and his meetings at the White House and Congress would have been all-but-impossible before he took the helm of a nominally civilian government in 2011. His name was only deleted from a blacklist barring travel to the US last September.
He arrived in Washington Saturday, six months after Obama made history with an unprecedented US Presidential visit to the country, also known as Burma. The administration`s outreach to Myanmar`s generals has provided an important incentive for the military to loosen controls on citizens and reduce dependence on China.
Myanmar has been rewarded by relaxation of tough economic sanctions, and Thein Sein will be addressing US businessmen keen to capitalise on the opening of one of Asia`s few untapped markets.
"President Thein Sein`s visit underscores President Obama`s commitment to supporting and assisting those governments that make the important decision to embrace reform," the White House said in its announcement of Monday`s visit.
It will be the first by a Myanmar leader since a September 1966 visit by Ne Win, an independence hero-turned-dictator, who began the nation`s descent from regional rice bowl to economic basket case. Thein Sein visited New York last September for the UN General Assembly but did not come to Washington.
The US last month announced it is considering duty-free access for Myanmar to US markets, and there could be progress on Monday toward a bilateral trade and investment framework agreement.
The most significant outcome of Thein Sein`s trip could be a symbolic one. Obama is expected to use "Myanmar" — the country name adopted by the junta in 1989 — when he meets Thein Sein. However, the US will keep using "Burma" in official documents.
Thein Sein will be accorded the protocol due to a foreign president, yet his Washington welcome will pale next to that granted last September to Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi, the opposition leader who met Obama and was presented by Congress with the highest civilian award it can bestow.