Washington: The landmark START agreement
between the US and Russia, to reduce the two countries nuclear
stockpile by a third, has big implications for global
security, a top US Administration official has said.
Rose Gottemoeller, Assistant Secretary, Bureau of
Verification, Compliance and Implementation, said the United
States and Russia which control over 90 per cent of the
world`s nuclear arsenal, are looked upon by the world for
leadership in securing atomic material and preventing spread
"The New START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) is not
just about Washington and Moscow. It is about the entire world
community," she said.
"While the treaty is bilateral, it has big implications
for global security... Thus, the new Treaty sets the stage for
engaging other powers in fulfilling the goals of the NPT," she
said in her remarks at the Arms Control Association`s annual
At the upcoming NPT Review Conference, beginning in New
York next month, she said the US looks to reaffirm each
party`s commitment to that treaty and to strengthen its three
pillars: non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful uses of
"In addition, we want to discourage abuses of the treaty
withdrawal provision and ensure there is a strong focus on NPT
compliance. That said, the Review Conference is not an end in
itself, but a milestone toward enhancing the non-proliferation
regime worldwide," she said.
On the issue of ratification of the Fissile Material
Cutoff Treaty - FMCT -- an important agenda of the Obama
administration, Gottemoeller said it would not be an easy
"Ratifying the CTBT will not be an easy task, but we will
work closely with the Senate, the public and key stakeholders
to achieve this goal.
Achieving a verifiable FMCT is an essential condition for
a world free of nuclear weapons, she said, adding, if the
international community is serious about drawing down, the US
must constrain the ability to build up.
"We are working hard to keep the United Nations`
Conference on Disarmament - the CD - focused on this goal,"
the State Department official said.