No immunity for Libyan leader: Hague
  • This Section
  • Latest
  • Web Wrap
Last Updated: Thursday, March 31, 2011, 16:58
  
London: Britain refused on Thursday to offer Libyan Foreign Minister Moussa Koussa immunity from prosecution after his apparent defection, but said his departure would hearten rebels fighting to topple Muammar Gaddafi's regime.

British Foreign Secretary William Hague said the resignation of Koussa, one of the most senior members of Gaddafi's government, shows that the Libyan leader's regime is "fragmented, under pressure and crumbling”.

But Hague said "Koussa is not being offered any immunity from British or international justice”, dampening speculation that the British government might seek to overlook allegations — leveled by Libya's opposition — that he played a pivotal role in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103, among other atrocities.

"Gaddafi must be thinking to himself, 'who will be the next to walk away'?" Hague said.

Authorities debriefed Koussa, a trusted Gaddafi adviser and longtime stalwart in the Libyan regime, after he fled to Britain on Wednesday on a flight from Tunisia.

Seen as one of the Libyan leader's closest allies, the Libyan opposition says Koussa had a role in masterminding the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, that killed 270 people, most of them Americans.

His name was also associated with the bombing of a French aircraft over Niger in 1989, but in recent years Koussa has been linked to diplomatic progress in ending Libya's international isolation.

Former foreign secretary Jack Straw described Koussa as a key player who had a "fundamentally important" role in negotiations to bring Libya back into the international fold in the 1990s after terror attacks tainted the North African country's reputation. His departure would shift the balance away from Gaddafi, if only psychologically.

"Moussa Koussa's apparent defection — certainly his unscheduled visit here — will be a very important factor in just adding to the weight against the Gaddafi regime and tipping the balance against him," Straw told BBC radio. "From a distance, what's clear is that there is unlikely to be any military 'victory' for either side. So it does depend on which side psychologically collapses."

Koussa's move would be the first high-profile resignation since the US-led air strikes on Libyan forces began. Libya's justice and interior ministers resigned early in the conflict and joined the rebels fighting in the east.

Though Koussa's name was long connected with liquidating dissidents in Western and Arab capitals, he later became instrumental in negotiations with the West that led to the dismantling of Libya's nuclear program.

In 2003, Libya accepted responsibility for the Lockerbie bombing and agreed to pay restitution to the victims. Gaddafi also announced he was dismantling his nuclear weapons program, bringing a major breakthrough in US-Libyan ties. Those steps prompted the US and Europe to lift sanctions on Libya.

Britain restored diplomatic relations in 1999, ending Libya's international isolation.

Guma El-Gamaty, an organiser in Britain for a leading Libyan opposition group, said Koussa's action would be "a big hit" that would weaken Gaddafi.

"He says he is resigning," El-Gamaty said. "That means he is defecting. He has been Gaddafi's right-hand man for years, running intelligence, running the Lockerbie bomber negotiations, running many things."

El-Gamaty said he does not think Koussa is likely to remain in Britain but would probably end up in another country in an effort to avoid possible prosecution.

He said that Koussa would not be welcomed into the opposition movement because of his prior actions on behalf of the Gaddafi government.

Bureau Report


First Published: Thursday, March 31, 2011, 16:58


comments powered by Disqus