Pyongyang: Goose-stepping soldiers and military hardware were paraded through Pyongyang on Saturday in a painstakingly choreographed military pageant intended to strike fear into North Korea`s adversaries and rally its people behind young ruler Kim Jong Un on the 60th anniversary of the armistice that ended the Korean War.
The lavish Assembly ahead of a military parade of missiles and troops is reminiscent of the marches held by the Soviet Union and China at the height of the Cold War. It is one of the few chances the world gets to see North Korea`s military up close. Pyongyang frequently uses the occasion to reveal new, though not always operational, hardware.
Overlooking a sea of spectators mobilised to cheer and wave flags, North Korea`s leader, Kim, watched the parade from a review stand, flanked by senior military officials, the chests of their olive green and white uniforms laden with medals.
The parade was held to mark a holiday the North Koreans call "Victory Day in the Fatherland Liberation War," although the 1950-53 Korean War that refers to ended in a truce and the Korean peninsula remains technically at war.
To commemorate the anniversary, North Korea over the past week has also staged huge mass rallies in its capital and put on elaborate fireworks shows.
Last year`s parade, held in February on the 100th birthday of the late national founder Kim Il Sung, Kim Jong Un`s grandfather, created a loud buzz among military watchers when the North rolled out a mysterious long-range missile known abroad as the KN-08.
Most outside observers now believe the missiles were mock-ups, but they were carried on mobile launchers that appeared to have been obtained from China, possibly against U.N. Arms trade sanctions.
The parade tradition goes back to the founding of the North Korean military in 1948. Few countries including North Korea`s communist models continue to trot out their military forces in public squares with such pomp and pageantry.
But Pyongyang has stuck with them because its leaders believe they are a good way to show the world those things about the military they want to reveal, while at the same time sending a potent message domestically of the power of the ruling elite.
"You want the impression of lots of military hardware, and there are plenty of stories of planes and vehicles circling around so they can pass reviewing stands twice," said David Stone, an expert on the Soviet and Russian militaries, at Kansas State University. "The beauty of a parade is that weapons systems don`t actually have to work in order to be impressive a missile launcher looks good even when the missile won`t launch."