Outgunned: The Syria `moderate` rebels set for US aid

The "moderate" Syrian rebels Washington is set to throw its weight behind are a ragtag collection of outgunned factions weakened by a war on several fronts -- against the regime and jihadists.

Beirut: The "moderate" Syrian rebels Washington is set to throw its weight behind are a ragtag collection of outgunned factions weakened by a war on several fronts -- against the regime and jihadists.

While the United States has not specified the groups it aims to support, those usually classed as "moderates" in Syria`s three-year war are loosely branded as Free Syrian Army (FSA) fighters.

These were the first rebels to take up arms against President Bashar al-Assad`s regime, before also turning their sights on the Islamic State group (IS) in January.

One of the main groups likely to receive US aid is the Syrian Revolutionaries Front, a large coalition formed late last year with a secular stance.

It was set up after the establishment of the Islamic Front, Syria`s largest rebel alliance bringing together various strains of Islamists.

Other formations have also received US assistance in the past, such as the Hazem movement, which has some 15,000 fighters.

In addition, the FSA`s massively weakened Supreme Military Council (SMC) headed by General Abdul Ilah al-Bashir acts as the armed wing of the main opposition National Coalition, but it has practically no influence on the ground.

US Secretary of State John Kerry said this week it was hard to give precise figures of the ranks of the moderate opposition, but stressed they were a "legitimate force", and described them as the "principal bulwark" against the jihadists in Syria.

Most of the moderate rebel groups are based in northern Syria, chiefly in Aleppo and Idlib province, though Hama province in central Syria and Daraa in the south are also home to such groups.

According to Ibrahim al-Idelbi, an activist in northern Syria: "None of these groups has any intention to create an Islamic emirate or state. They want a civil state, without a religious ideology. Their stated goals are to bring down the regime and to end the oppression of civilians."

But experts say that, in the context of Syria`s war, it is difficult to pinpoint who the moderates are.

"I guess it all depends on how you define `moderate`," says Aron Lund, editor of Syria in Crisis, a website run by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

"Is it about their ideology, or about not committing human rights abuses, or simply about who is willing to work on instructions from abroad?" he asks.

The lines are most blurred in areas where rebels have forged local alliances with the Al-Nusra Front -- Syria`s Al-Qaeda branch, branded by Washington as a "terrorist" group.

"In some areas like the (besieged) Eastern Ghouta area (east of Damascus), or Homs previously, it is practically impossible to get military aid in. So all the fighters have to work together whether they like it or not," Idelbi says.

"In a state of war, you have to make alliances with your enemy`s enemy."

Even though they have received some US military aid, as well as a steady flow of funds and arms from Gulf nations and rich Syrian businessmen, the moderates are much worse equipped than the IS jihadists and Al-Nusra Front.

They have also been exhausted by three years of war against the regime, which since 2012 has carried out daily air strikes against rebel-held areas.

Moderates are frequently accused of poor organisation, corruption and a lack of strategy.

In the past, thousands of fighters have been trained by the United States in Jordan.

US President Barack Obama announced this week that Saudi Arabia has accepted to host the next round of drills.

SMC chief Bashir has pledged to fight the Islamic State group until its "complete and utter defeat".

The rebels have frequently called for special weapons support such as anti-aircraft and anti-tank missiles, though most of the arms they have received have been light arms.

They say training is not enough to help them fight both the IS group and the regime.

"It is impossible to destroy the IS without US air strikes to accompany the rebels` advance," says Louay Moqdad, a former rebel spokesman.

Experts have meanwhile warned that the absence of a clear US strategy may eventually play into the hands of the regime or IS jihadists, leading Syria even further into the abyss of war.

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