Seoul: Over 6 million Koreans were
forced into labour at about 7,000 workplaces operated by the
Japanese on the Korea Peninsula from 1938-1945, according to a
The report, prepared by a government committee under
the South Korean prime minister`s office, said there were
6,956 workplaces operated by 1,089 Japanese corporations on
the Korean Peninsula from April 1938 until August 1945, when
the nation was liberated from Japanese rule.
At an estimated 6.48 million, the number of Koreans
who were forced to work in Korea is more than six times the
estimated 1.03 million Koreans who were forced into labour in
places such as Japan, Manchuria, Sakhalin Island of Russia and
South Pacific islands.
Of the 6,956 workplaces, mines comprised the lion`s
share with 80.1 per cent, totaling 5,569 work sites, followed
by textile, leather, metal and refining factories at 9.7 per
cent and railroad and road construction sites at 2.2 per cent.
By region, 877 sites were in South Pyongan Province,
followed by 712 in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province and 661 in
Gangwon Province. South Hamgyeong Province had 657, and South
Chungcheong Province had 649.
A committee official said the report is significant
because it confirms Japan`s mobilization of Korean forced
labourers in Japanese work sites in Korea for the first time.