Washington: Pakistan`s counter-terrorism
measures have failed to yield results this year with insurgent
activities gaining ground and operational situation facing
the military there continuing to deteriorate, US President
Barack Obama has informed the Congress.
"The return of militant-inspired violence after a 4-month
lull following the 2010 floods demonstrated how insurgent
elements have managed to survive and even return to many areas
previously cleared by the Pakistan military," a White House
report sent by Obama to the Congress said.
In fact, the report informs the Congress that Pakistan
has moved from "remaining static" to "decline" to "negative
trends" in one of the key indicators and metrics of
"Pakistan`s efforts in counter-terrorism operations" as
developed by the Obama administration at the direction of the
The 25-page unclassified section of the Af-Pak report was
submitted by Obama to the Congress on Friday which gives
details of the progress made in Afghanistan and Pakistan in
the war against terrorism from January to August this year.
A copy of the report was obtained by the Press Trust of India.
Informing the Congress on the progress on fourth metric
-- `Develop Pakistan`s counter-insurgency (COIN) capabilities;
continue to support Pakistan`s efforts to defeat terrorist and
insurgent groups`, the White House report said indicators and
metrics against this objective remained static during the
reporting period of January 1 to March 31.
This objective declined during April 1 and June 30, while
between July 1 and August 31 it was marked by continued
"Years of progress in cross-border coordination and
collaboration faced increased challenges, while the drawdown
of US military elements in Pakistan continued the trend of a
decreased US ability to contribute to Pakistan`s COIN
(counter-insurgency) and CT (counter-terrorism) efforts.
"Pakistan military operations continued in the FATA
(Federally Administered Tribal Areas), but insurgent activity
and high-profile strikes against security and government
forces contributed to a decline in the security situation,"
the report said.
According to the White House report, despite efforts to
develop more robust communication and coordination mechanisms
to de-conflict cross-border incidents, the period saw an
increase in incidents along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border as
well as an overall decrease in coordination and collaboration.
"Insurgent activity along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border
continues to pose a challenge to stabilisation efforts in both
Afghanistan and Pakistan. Attacks occurred along the border of
both the northern and southern FATA agencies, with a number of
large-scale attacks resulting in high casualty rates for
Pakistan`s security forces in the north," it said.
"High-level ISAF (International Security Assistance
Force), ANSF (Afghan National Security Forces) and Pakistan
military engagement to de-escalate tensions along the border
resulted in a decrease in shelling incidents in the south, but
many of the core challenges remained unresolved along the
entire FATA border, with continued potential for future
escalation," the report said.
Between April 1 and June 30, the report said Pakistani
military initiated two new COIN operations during this
reporting period in Khyber and Kurram agencies of the FATA to
disrupt militant movement from North Waziristan into the Tirah
Valley of Orakzai and Khyber and to reduce attacks and
intimidation against local tribesmen.
"These new offensive activities did not, in the end,
alter the overall balance between militants and the Pakistan
military. Additionally, insurgent attacks continued, with
police and military personnel and facilities serving as the
primary targets of domestic insurgents and terrorists," the
"These attacks continued to undermine public confidence.
COIN operations continued to face challenges given the static
nature (of) Pakistani forces, the scope of militant activity,
and considerable COIN capability shortfalls."
Finally, the White House said, due to continued
shortcomings with build and transfer operations, durable and
long-term stability in areas most susceptible to militant
influence remained unfulfilled.
Early in the year, the return of militant-inspired
violence after a 4-month lull following the 2010 floods
demonstrated how insurgent elements have managed to survive
and even return to many areas previously cleared by the
Pakistan military, the report said.
Indeed, during this reporting period (January to March),
the Pakistan military had to reclaim previously cleared areas
in Mohmand and Bajaur agencies in the FATA, it said, adding
that ongoing operations in Mohmand encountered more resistance
than anticipated, hindered not only by the weather, but by
improvised explosive devices (IEDs), efforts to return the
displaced population and diminished COIN capabilities.
"A bright spot in the overall COIN effort remained the
regeneration of the Swat valley, though the Pakistan Army
continued to garrison two extra divisions in order to hold the
valley against militant incursions," it said.
"One of the key challenges facing the Pakistan military
was the ability of civilian institutions, including civilian
security forces, to consolidate gains made in previous
"The absence of effective and sustained `hold, build and
transfer` capacity, including reconstruction, development,
governance, and law enforcement capabilities, continued to
hinder efforts to render cleared areas resistant to militant
return," the White House said.