Vatican City: Pope Benedict XVI has formally elevated 24 new cardinals amid cheers in St Peter`s Basilica.
Benedict read each of the names of the "princes of the church" in Latin to roaring applause from the pews and smiles from the cardinals themselves.
The following is the list of the 24 cardinals.
Monsignor Angelo Amato, prefect of the Congregation of the Causes of Saints, Vatican.
Antonios Naguib, Patriarch of Alexandria of the Copts (Egypt)
Monsignor Robert Sarah, president, Pontifical Council "Cor Unum," Vatican
Monsignor Francesco Monterisi, archpriest of the papal Basilica of St. Paul outside the Walls, Rome
Monsignor Fortunato Baldelli, chief confession official, Vatican
Monsignor Raymond Leo Burke, prefect of Supreme Tribunal of Apostolic Court, Vatican.
Monsignor Kurt Koch, president, Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity, Vatican
Monsignor Paolo Sardi, deputy chamberlain, Vatican
Monsignor Mauro Piacenza, prefect of Congregation for the Clergy, Vatican
Monsignor Velasio De Paolis, president of the Prefect`s Office of Economic Affairs, Vatican
Monsignor Gianfranco Ravasi, president, Pontifical Council for Culture, Vatican
Monsignor Merardo Joseph Mazombwe, archbishop emeritus of Lusaka, Zambia
Monsignor Raul Eduardo Vela Chiribog, archbishop emeritus of Quito, Ecuador
Monsignor Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya, archbishop of Kinshasha, Democratic Republic of Congo
Monsignor Paolo Romeo, archbishop of Palermo, Sicily
Monsignor Donald William Wuerl, archbishop of Washington, DC
Monsignor Raymundo Damasceno Assis, archbishop of Aparecida, Brazil
Monsignor Kazimierz Nycz, archbishop of Warsaw, Poland
Monsignor Albert Malcolm Ranjith Patabendige Don, archbishop of Colombo, Sri Lanka
Monsignor Reinhard Marx, archbishop of Munich and Freising
The following clergymen were elevated to cardinals as sign of gratitude to service to church and aren`t assigned to any post.
Monsignor Jose Manuel Estepa Llaurens, archbishop emeritus of the military order, Spain
Monsignor Elio Sgreccia, former Vatican official, Italy
Monsignor Walter Brandmueller, former Vatican official, Germany
Monsignor Domenico Bartolucci, former Vatican official, Italy
Wearing their new scarlet cassocks — to signify their willingness to shed blood for the church — the cardinals processed first into the basilica, waving to well-wishers as organ music thundered in a festive yet solemn atmosphere.
During the ceremony, the new cardinals will promise to obey the pope. Their main task is to offer him advice and eventually elect his successor.
There are now 203 cardinals in the elite group, 121 of whom are under age 80 and thus eligible to vote in a conclave.