Tehran: Iran on Tuesday rejected as "illogical and wrong" the European Union`s plans for tighter sanctions against the Islamic state over its disputed nuclear activities, which the West fears is a cover to build bombs.
Moving beyond a fourth round of UN sanctions imposed on Iran last week, the EU will push ahead with plans for tighter sanctions against Iran on Thursday, including measures to stem investment in the energy sector, a report said.
European Union foreign ministers, who are responsible for agreeing a bloc-wide position ahead of an EU summit on Thursday, signed off on a statement on Monday that goes substantially beyond the fourth round of UN sanctions.
Iran has repeatedly shrugged off the impact of international sanctions, but analysts say the new measures could be more painful for the major oil producer because they target Iran`s energy sector.
"The carrot and stick policy of the EU is wrong and illogical because such measures would not resolve the issue (Iran`s nuclear row with the West)," Foreign Ministry spokesman Ramin Mehmanparast told a weekly news conference.
The EU sanctions will target Iran`s "key sectors of the gas and oil industry," trade, including dual-use items, banking and insurance and Iran`s transport sector, including shipping and air cargo. The US Congress is also drawing up its own set of additional measures against Iran.
Iran, the world`s fifth largest crude oil exporter, has so far refused to suspend its sensitive nuclear work, as demanded by the UN Security Council, and said the new resolution will not stop its uranium enrichment work.
"Sanctions will not stop Iran`s nuclear work. Sanctions will make us more decisive to become self-sufficient," Mehmanparast said.
Iran sits on 11 percent of the world`s oil reserves and has the second largest gas reserves. Sanctions imposed since the Islamic Revolution in 1979 have limited Iran`s ability to develop its energy sector, including its refining capability.
Iran says it needs around USD 25 billion a year in oil and gas industry investment and could turn into an importer of oil because of the lack of such funds. But UN and US sanctions are deterring energy companies, especially Western ones.
President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who said the UN sanctions were like a "used handkerchief”, criticised on Tuesday the "unstable behaviour" of foreign companies over investment in Iran`s energy sector.
"Big powers want to impose their will on other nations ... we do not need financial support of these countries," Ahmadinejad said, according to state television.
The Islamic state has increasingly turned to Asian firms that are less susceptible to Western political pressure. But they often lack the technology to implement oil and gas projects.
The EU measures are likely to put strong financial pressure on Iran. Sweden, Cyprus, Spain were believed to be opposed to any EU measures that go beyond the UN sanctions and Germany was said to have concerns about targeting Iran`s oil and gas sector, where it has large investments.