`Premature` plans may harm UNSC reforms: China

The state-run Chinese media has said that any attempt to rush through "premature plans" could harm the process and undermine the world body`s unity.

Last Updated: Feb 17, 2011, 23:40 PM IST

Beijing: Amid a call by G-4 countries
comprising India, Brazil, Germany and Japan for a quick UNSC
reform, the state-run Chinese media has said that any attempt
to rush through "premature plans" could harm the process and
undermine the world body`s unity.

"The G4 alleged in their joint statement that their
proposal for enlarging the Council is widely supported by UN
member nations, but did not indicate how many or which
countries have sided with them," China Daily said in an
editorial titled `UN reform will take time`.

Hence, it is still too early to say that there is now a
broad acceptance among the 192 UN member countries on how to
reform the world`s supreme peace and security body, it said.

The editorial came days after the G-4 group of nations,
all aspirants to permanent membership of the Council, sought a
"a concrete outcome" of the negotiations on the reform process
by the end of the current session of the UN General Assembly
in mid-September.

"Given the complexity and importance of reforming the
Security Council, any attempt to rush through premature plans
could harm the reform process. It would also run the risk of
undermining the unity of UN member nations and jeopardise the
interests of all parties," the editorial said.

UN member nations, while making efforts to accommodate
the interests and concerns of all the parties, should seek a
package of solutions for the reform based on broad and
democratic consultation, it said. "Priority should be given to
increasing the representation of developing countries."

"Such an arduous task will need time and patience. The
attempt to set a timetable for it is not a responsible
approach," it said.

Another state-run publication `Beijing Review` in its
article titled `New Blood Propels Change` said the `Uniting
for Consensus Group` of Pakistan, Mexico, South Korea and
Italy, which aims to counter G-4 countries, "has been weakened
to a degree" that the clamour for reforms is getting
"increasingly stronger."

"Fierce competition will be inevitable during the reform
of the Security Council. The number of members and veto power
are the key issues of the reform. These matters touch on the
redistribution of power in the most prestigious organisation
of the international system. It is a matter of status and
dignity for a country," it said.

"What the members are competing for are strategic
resources. Therefore, it has obvious features of a zero-sum
game. One country`s gain is another country`s loss. That`s why
it is difficult to reach a compromise," it said.

Moreover, the reform is being used as a bargaining chip
by major countries to achieve strategic interests, the report
said. "This situation means that reform of the UN Security
Council will be very hard to accomplish," it said adding China
is in a favourable position on the reform issue.

"As a permanent member of the UNSC it (China) has veto
power. No one can ignore China`s influence. No matter how
reform goes, China will be able to keep its current status,"
it said.

"Reform should promote a multi-polar world with a
strengthened international balance of power, democratic
international relations and a rational international system.

This is just the goal of China," the report said.

With previous experience in tough negotiations, China has
good knowledge of the reform. "It has adopted rational,
prudent and responsible policies in this respect. It advocates
a comprehensive solution with priority given to developing
countries, especially African countries. It is essential for
China to take into account the interests of all parties on a
multilateral basis," it said.

"The new Council provides new opportunities for China to
cooperate with other emerging countries. It is also important
for China to pay attention to those emerging countries, while
continuing to support African countries` efforts to obtain a
permanent seat," it said.

PTI