Authorities on Wednesday started investigating what caused an unmanned U.S. supply rocket to explode in a fireball moments after liftoff from a Virginia launch pad, destroying supplies and equipment bound for the International Space Station.
The 14-story Antares rocket, built and launched by Orbital Sciences Corp , blasted off from the NASA Wallops Flight Facility on Wallops Island at 6:22 p.m. (2222 GMT) on Tuesday but burst into flames moments later. It was the first disaster since the National Aeronautics and Space Administration turned to private operators to run cargo to the space station.
While no one was hurt in the accident, witnesses said the explosion looked like a "ball of fire" and shook buildings for miles around.
"The explosion was a big boom - we could also feel it here, just the ground shaking," said Shirley Lapole, assistant education coordinator at the NASA Visitors Center, who was watching the launch from about seven miles away.
The rocket carried a Cygnus cargo ship with more than 5,000 pounds (2,273 kg) of equipment and supplies for the station, a $100 billion research laboratory owned and operated by 15 nations that orbits about 260 miles (418 km) above Earth.
The area around the launch facility was cordoned off on Wednesday and a helicopter circled overhead. The Cygnus mission was non-military but the craft included classified cryptographic equipment, said Mike Pinkston, Orbital`s Antares program manager, requiring heightened security around the debris.
Investigators will need days to determine where the failure began, said Frank Culbertson, an Orbital executive vice president and mission director, who placed the value of the rocket and cargo ship at $200 million. The exact cause may take longer to ascertain and correcting the problem could take months, he said. Meanwhile, Orbital has grounded the Antares, which previously made four flights, all successful.
Still, the loss of the supply vessel posed no immediate problem for the orbiting station`s six-member crew: two from NASA, one from the European Space Agency and three Russians, officials said.
"It’s a great loss when you lose a vehicle like that ... but we press on," NASA space station flight engineer Barry Wilmore said during an in-flight interview on Wednesday. "We’ve got supplies to last us four to six months."
The Antares rocket launched Tuesday included an enhanced second-stage engine, which allowed an additional 800 pounds of cargo to be loaded aboard Cygnus. If is not know if the rocket`s extra weight and length were factors in the accident.
Shares of Orbital, which agreed to buy Alliant Techsystems Inc`s aerospace and defense business in April, tumbled as low as $25.02 and were down 16.3 percent at $25.41 in late-afternoon trading after a brief halt earlier in the session.
Alliant, also known as ATK, said on Wednesday it was conducting a "thorough evaluation" of the agreement, a transaction touted by the companies at the time as a $5 billion merger of equals. ATK shares were off 6.14 percent at $121.80.
Still, sources familiar with the situation said the deal was unlikely to unravel because of the explosion.
"There is no specific provision in the merger agreement for a launch failure," said Orbital Chief Executive David Thompson told analysts on a conference call after ATK`s statement. "As far as I know, I think things will continue."
ORBITAL`S NEXT LAUNCH SCHEDULED FOR APRIL
Dulles, Virginia-based Orbital Sciences is one of two companies NASA has hired to fly cargo to the station after NASA`s space shuttles were retired n 2011. Tuesday`s flight was to be the third of eight under the company`s $1.9 billion contract with NASA. Its next launch had been slated for April 2015, according to internal NASA schedules.
The second U.S. supply line to the station is run by privately owned Space Exploration Technologies, or SpaceX, which is preparing its fourth flight under a separate $1.6 billion NASA contract, slated for Dec. 9.
The accident is unlikely to affect the existing contracts but could influence the awarding of follow-up contracts that NASA is currently soliciting.
Russia`s Roskosmos space agency said it was ready to help ferry extra U.S. cargo to the space station if NASA requested. The station is overseen by Russia and the United States, whose relations are at a low ebb over the Ukraine crisis.
In a long-scheduled mission, an unmanned Russian Progress supply vehicle launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan hours after the explosion and the capsule, carrying more than 5,000 pounds of food, fuel and supplies, reached the station at 9:08 a.m. (1308 GMT).
RUSSIAN ROCKET ENGINES
The Antares is powered by the AJ-26 engine built by GenCorp Inc`s Aerojet Rocketdyne division. In May, an AJ-26 exploded during a ground test at NASA`s Stennis Space Center in Mississippi. GenCorp shares on Wednesday dropped 5.6 percent to $16.22.
Glenn Mahone, a spokesman for Aerojet Rocketdyne, said it was working closely with investigators but declined to comment further.
With the GenCorp engine involved in two accidents, concerns over the availability of Russian engines for use in U.S. rockets have intensified. Russia has threatened to suspend exports in response to U.S. trade sanctions prompted by Moscow`s annexation of Ukraine`s Crimea region.
Russian-made RD-180 engines, which have no known technical problems, power Atlas 5 rockets, used primarily to fly U.S. military satellites.
The accident should have no impact on the ferrying of crew members to and from the station, all of whom fly aboard Russian Soyuz capsules.
It was unclear how much Tuesday`s explosion would cost Orbital. The rocket was insured for around $40 million to $50 million of losses, insurance sources said. One source pinned the loss at $48 million.
A London spokesman for Willis Group Holdings Plc confirmed it was the broker for the insurance risk but declined to comment on the insured loss.