Addis Abab: French President Nicolas
Sarkozy today challenged the United Nations to reform its
powerful Security Council this year to include one or more
permanent African members.
"I have long been convinced that Africa does not have the
place it deserves in world governance," the French leader said
in an address to African Union leaders here.
"Carry out the reform of the (UN) Security Council as
early as this year," Sarkozy told UN Secretary General Ban
Ki-moon and Joseph Deiss, the president of the UN General
Assembly who were both attending the AU summit.
The UN Security Council has five veto-wielding members,
Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States and 10
"Do not wait. Do not make a speech. Make decisions....
Give the billion Africans the place they are entitled to and
France will support you," he added to loud applause from
delegations of AU members.
Earlier Deiss also underscored the need for an expanded
Security Council so that this body "can better reflect the new
He also expressed regret that the UN has become
"marginalized by the emergence of other actors", referring to
the G20 group of the world`s most powerful economies.
Sarkozy stressed that if the UN Security Council
"represents the world in its diversity, then there won`t be
any need for other organisations."
The French leader has long pushed for a reform of world
governance, an issue which he views as a priority during his
current presidency of the G8 and G20 groupings.
He has said major emerging nations such as India, Brazil
and South Africa should have permanent seats on the Security
The UN Security council has been reformed once, in 1963,
when the number of non-permanent seats was raised from six to
10, but subsequent attempts to broaden the top body have
African countries agreed in 2005 to press demands for two
veto-wielding permanent seats in an expanded Security Council
as well as two non-permanent seats.
They see that structure as a holdover of the Cold War and
argue that Africa needs stronger representation given that 27
percent of UN member-states are on the continent.