Baghdad: A suicide bomber blew himself up inside Baghdad`s largest Sunni mosque on Sunday night, killing 29 people during prayers, a shocking strike on a place of worship similar to the one that brought Iraq to the brink of civil war five years ago.
Iraqi security officials said Parliament lawmaker Khalid al-Fahdawi, a Sunni, was among the dead in the 9:40 pm attack.
Major General Qassim al-Moussawi, a spokesman for Baghdad`s military operations command, confirmed the bombing happened inside the Um al-Qura mosque during prayers in the western Baghdad neighbourhood of al-Jamiaah. The blue-domed building is the largest Sunni mosque in Baghdad.
"I heard something like a very severe wind storm, with smoke and darkness, and shots by the guards," said eyewitness Mohammad Mustafa, who hit in the hand by shrapnel. "Is al Qaeda able to carry out their acts against worshippers? How did this breach happen?"
That the bomber detonated his explosives vest inside the mosque is particularly alarming, as it is reminiscent of a 2006 attack on a Shi’ite shrine in the Sunni city of Samarra that fuelled widespread sectarian violence and nearly ignited a nationwide civil war. In that strike, Sunni militants planted bombs around the Samarra shrine, destroying its signature gold dome and badly damaging the rest of the structure.
Under deposed dictator Saddam Hussein, a Sunni, Iraq`s Shi’ite majority was persecuted and repressed. Shi’ites took power after his ouster, stoking Sunni resentment that bore the insurgency.
No group immediately claimed responsibility for Sunday`s bombing, but suicide attacks generally are a hallmark of al Qaeda, which is dominated by Sunnis. Intelligence officials have speculated that al Qaeda will do almost anything to re-ignite sectarian violence, but the group recently had focused on attacking Iraqi security forces and the government to prove how unstable Iraq remains.
Two security officials and medics at two Baghdad hospitals put the casualty toll at 29 dead and 38 wounded. All spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorised to release the information.
Al-Moussawi put the death toll at only six and said there was no significant damage to the mosque. Conflicting death tolls are common immediately after attacks in Iraq.
In a statement early Monday, Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki called on Iraqis to stand strong against terrorists and "pursue them wherever they are”.
"Solidarity and unity, and standing as one line behind the Army and the police, are the only way to eliminate this danger, which does not differentiate between the Iraqis and targets all of us," al-Maliki said.
The attack hit Sunnis who were praying in a special service during the holy Muslim month of Ramadan, which ends on Tuesday. It demonstrates anew that security measures to protect Iraqis as US forces prepare to leave remain riddled with gaps, and shows the extent to which militants want to extend violence even as the eight-year- US presence winds down.
The mosque`s security is provided by the government-supported Sunni Endowment, and al-Moussawi raised the possibility that the bomber had inside help.
"For sure there must have been someone inside the mosque who helped the bomber," al-Moussawi said. "It must have been someone who is protecting the mosque."
Sheik Ahmed Abdul Gafur al-Samarraie, the head of Sunni Endowment, agreed that was a possibility and said the group would investigate how the bomber got inside the mosque, where an estimated 200 people were praying. He said this is the first time such a security breach had occurred, and said guards did not suspect the bomber because he had a broken hand that was bandaged.
Al-Samarraie said the bomber exploded just a few feet (meters) from him, and called himself the likely target. He blamed al Qaeda.
"Those people are infidels and unbelievers, and their criminal acts will never deflect us from our unity," al-Samarraie told Iraqi state TV. "We will remain as unified Iraqis."
He described "a deep sorrow for the murder of a child who was praying today. The blast tore his body to pieces: his legs in one place and a hand in another”.
Al-Fahdawi, the Sunni lawmaker, was targeted twice by al Qaeda, in 2004 and 2005, when he was the head of Sunni Endowment in Anbar province.
The strike happened hours after the UN`s outgoing top diplomat in Iraq said the government in Baghdad must determine whether its security forces are strong enough to thwart violence before requiring US troops to leave at the end of the year.
In his last interview after two years in Baghdad, UN envoy Ad Melkert said Iraqi security forces have made "clear improvements" but declined to say if he thinks they are ready to protect the country without help from the American military.
"It`s up to the government, really, to assess if it is enough to deal with the risks that are still around," Melkert said in a wide-ranging interview on the eve of his departure on Monday.
"Obviously, security remains a very important issue."
The US and Iraqi governments are negotiating how many American troops might stay, and what role they would play, in a mission that has already lasted more than eight years. A 2008 security agreement between Baghdad and Washington requires all US troops to be out of Iraq by December 31, but the country`s shaky security situation and vulnerability to Iranian influence has prompted politicians on both sides to buck widespread public disapproval and reconsider the deadline.
A decision on whether US troops will remain is not expected for several weeks at least, and the American military is already starting to pack up to leave. About 46,000 US troops currently are in Iraq. The White House has offered to keep up to 10,000 there.
Violence has dropped dramatically across Iraq from just a few years ago, but deadly attacks still happen nearly every day.