Tens of thousands flee as Syria regime advances near Aleppo
Tens of thousands of Syrians were reported to have fled their homes on Thursday as regime troops pressed a major Russian-backed offensive around second city Aleppo.
Damascus: Tens of thousands of Syrians were reported to have fled their homes on Thursday as regime troops pressed a major Russian-backed offensive around second city Aleppo.
Turkey`s Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu, speaking at a donors conference in London, said up to 70,000 people were headed towards his country to escape the fighting.
Both Davutoglu and activists said 300,000 people were isolated in Aleppo after the rebels` main supply route from Turkey was severed by regime forces backed by Russian warplanes.
"The situation in the north countryside of Aleppo is catastrophic," said Maamoun al-Khateeb, an activist and journalist from nearby Marea village.
"Civilians are now besieged from three sides and have just one road to the Turkish territories," he said, explaining that regime forces threatened from the south, Islamic State (IS) group jihadists from the east and Kurdish fighters from the west.
The donors conference saw more than $10 billion pledged to help ease the plight of Syrians affected by the nearly five-year war, just hours after the collapse of UN-sponsored peace talks in Geneva.
Western nations accused Syria`s regime of torpedoing the talks with its military offensive, and Washington demanded Moscow halt its bombing campaign in support of President Bashar al-Assad.
The growing offensive around Aleppo this week overshadowed peace and aid efforts, as regime forces sought to build on a series of important gains since Russia launched air strikes in September.
Aleppo city, Syria`s former economic powerhouse, has been divided between opposition control in the east and regime control in the west since mid-2012.
The rebels` main supply line to Turkey was severed on Wednesday when regime troops broke an opposition siege of two Shiite towns, Nubol and Zahraa, on the route to the border.
Regime forces entered the two towns on Thursday to the cheers of residents, who chanted pro-government slogans and showered the fighters with rice.
But elsewhere in the region the advance prompted tens of thousands to flee for fear of being caught up in the fighting.Davutoglu said 60,000 to 70,000 people were "moving towards Turkey" and 10,000 were "waiting at the door" on the border because of air strikes and attacks around Aleppo.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a Britain-based monitor, said nearly 40,000 people in Aleppo province had fled their homes, with many massing at the border.
Observatory chief Rami Abdel Rahman said the regime was now likely to target the Aleppo rebels` last remaining supply route, through the neighbouring opposition-held Idlib province.
"The regime has managed to achieve in 72 hours what it failed to for the last three years," he said.
A high-ranking Syrian government official described the Aleppo advances as important, but said the regime had even more ambitious goals.
"The next objectives are to close the borders with Turkey to prevent the arrival of troops and weapons, then taking Aleppo province, then Idlib province, and finally Idlib city," he told AFP.
The offensive has been backed by a wave of Russian air raids, including strikes on Thursday that killed at least 21 civilians, including three children, according to the Observatory.
In London for the donors conference, US Secretary of State John Kerry said he had warned Moscow to stop bombing the Syrian opposition, in a "robust" phone call with Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov.
Opposition delegates cited continued regime attacks as the key obstacle to this week`s peace efforts, which struggled from the beginning.
The opposition arrived late and refused to begin even indirect talks without the implementation of UN Security Council resolutions on the lifting of sieges and protection of civilians.UN envoy Staffan de Mistura said on Wednesday the talks had been suspended but insisted the process had not failed, saying he hoped to resume on February 25.
The UN Security Council said it would meet on Friday for consultations with De Mistura on the breakdown.
Top diplomats from countries involved in trying to resolve the conflict are also set to meet again on February 11, but tensions inside the group remain strong.
Moscow on Thursday accused Ankara, a key backer of opposition to Assad, of actively preparing to invade Syria, saying it had spotted troops and military equipment on the border.
It came just hours after Davutoglu accused Assad`s supporters of "committing the same war crimes" as the regime.
Meanwhile Saudi Arabia, another backer of Assad`s opponents, said it was ready to join any ground operation in the US-led coalition against IS in Syria.
"If there is any willingness in the coalition to go in the ground operation, we will contribute positively in that," Brigadier General Ahmed al-Assiri told AFP.
More than 260,000 people have died in Syria`s conflict and more than half the country`s population have been forced from their homes, including over four million who fled abroad.
Most Syrian refugees have fled to neighbouring countries, including Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey, but hundreds of thousands have also headed to Europe this year.