New Delhi: A ranking by UK-based risk analysis and mapping firm, Maplecroft, suggests that Somalia is the most vulnerable nation to terrorism.
The latest Terrorism Risk Index (TRI), released by Maplecroft, rates 20 countries and territories as ‘extreme risk’. In this category, Somalia is followed by Pakistan (2), Iraq (3), Afghanistan (4), and newly-formed South Sudan (5). The top four rankings were unchanged from Maplecroft`s previous survey issued in November 2010.
The ‘extreme risk’ category also includes India, which is at 18th spot. In the Maplecroft’s 2010 report, India had ranked 16th.
There was an increased risk from regional offshoots of al Qaeda including al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula and al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, the survey said, adding that a spate of revenge attacks by militants in Pakistan following the killing of Osama bin Laden in May showed his death had not led to a short-term fall in militancy.
The survey`s reporting period of April 2010 to March 2011, partly overlaps with the June 2009 to June 2010 data used in its previous ranking.
The only Western European country seen at high risk was Greece, assessed at 27, down from 24, due to violent left-wing groups. The next most at risk was Britain, rated at 38, up from 46, while France was at 45, barely changed from 44.
The survey period did not cover an attack in Norway by anti-Muslim zealot Anders Behring Breivik, who killed 77 people in Oslo and a nearby island.
After the attack, some analysts argued that terrorism monitoring had been skewed towards the threat of violence from Muslim groups, ignoring the danger posed by far right westerners.
The survey rated Norway at a lowly 112.
The latest data also revealed that the number of global terrorist attacks in 2010-11 has increased by 15 percent over the previous year to 11,954, although the numbers killed fell seven percent to 14,478.
The UK-based company`s index rates 198 countries on the number, frequency and intensity of terrorism attacks, plus the likelihood of mass casualties occurring. While based on historical data, it is intended as a forward-looking assessment.