MyanmarFugitives from the escalating violence gripping northern Myanmar on Tuesday described fleeing airstrikes and gun battles between the army and ethnic rebels, as the country`s president vowed "not to lose an inch" of territory.
Clashes between Myanmar`s army and Kokang rebels in northeastern Shan state have uprooted tens of thousands in the past week, with Beijing saying it has stepped up its border controls after some 30,000 fled into southwestern Yunnan province.
A monastery in the Shan town of Lashio, some 140 kilometres (85 miles) south of the conflict zone, has become a makeshift shelter for thousands who have fled the violence, most with little more than a few plastic bags of belongings.
Many are temporary workers who have returned to their homes in other parts of Myanmar.
But at least 200 people are seeking refuge in the monastery`s cramped dormitary after fleeing intense fighting in the Kokang town of Laukkai, a now near-deserted border town and the epicentre of the fighting.
"We constantly heard the noise of firing -- both from guns and big weapons. It was so loud. Sometimes I thought the bullets were flying by my head," Win Thaung Tun told AFP.
The 28-year-old Mandalay construction worker said he had lived in Laukkai for five years, attracted by the higher wages paid in Chinese currency, before fleeing the town on Friday.
Clashes between the ethnically Chinese Kokang and government forces erupted on February 9, shattering six years of relative calm in the region.
The Myanmar military has launched a counter-offensive against rebels who tried to capture Laukkai in a series of brazen assaults that left nearly 50 government soldiers dead.
Dozens have now been killed on both sides in raging street battles as the military moved to retake the town and flush out rebel holdouts, although ascertaining exact casualty figures is difficult.
"We saw two helicopters and airplanes shooting... the situation got worse every day," Thein Htike Soe, 33, who fled with his wife from their home near Laukkai to Lashio, told AFP.
"We don`t know where to go or what to do," he said.It is unclear what sparked the resurgence of conflict with Kokang rebels, which has undercut government efforts to agree a nationwide ceasefire with the country`s patchwork of ethnic armed groups.
Myanmar`s President Thein Sein said the military was "protecting sovereignty and ensuring territorial integrity", the Global New Light of Myanmar reported on Tuesday
The former junta general "vowed not to lose an inch of Myanmar`s territory" during a visit to wounded soldiers in hospital, the report said.
Myanmar authorities have blamed local Kokang rebel leader Phone Kya Shin for stoking the violence and called on Beijing to rein in any local officials who might be helping the group on its side of the border.
Beijing on Tuesday said it was providing relief to the more than 30,000 people that have already fled into Yunnan province, and was also stepping up "patrolling and management of the border area".
Chinese foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying called on conflicting parties in Myanmar to "prevent the situation from escalating and maintain security and tranquility of the border area".
"In particular they should avoid affecting the security of the Chinese side of the border," Hua told a briefing in Beijing.
The Kokang region has been relatively calm since 2009, when a huge assault by Myanmar`s army against the Kokang rebels saw tens of thousands of people flood over the border into China.
The latest fighting has drawn in rebels from other nearby armed groups including the Ta`ang National Liberation Army (TNLA)and the powerful Kachin Independence Army (KIA), which are both battling the government`s forces in other areas of Shan and nearby Kachin states.
Myanmar, which has over 130 recognised ethnic minorities, has been plagued with sporadic conflicts in its border regions since independence in 1948, in what is now the world`s longest civil war.